Ascension Esquivel Ibarra

Ascension Esquivel Ibarra . Politician and lawyer, of Costa Rican nationality since 1869, who was President of the Republic between 1902 and 1906. Law degree and lawyer by profession. Construction of the Pacific Railroad continued and declared Puntarenas the terminal port of the Pacific Railroad in 1904 .


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  • 1 Biographical synthesis
    • 1 Studies conducted
    • 2 Political career
    • 3 Achievements of his government
    • 4 Marriages
    • 5 Death
  • 2 Related Links
  • 3 Reference
  • 4 Sources

Biographical synthesis

He was born on October as maypole as 1844 , in Las Piedras, Rivas, Nicaragua . He was a Costa Rican lawyer , professor and politician who served as President of Costa Rica between 1902 and 1906.

Applied studies

He studied law at the University of Santo Tomás and joined the Supreme Court of Justice on August 27, 1874. He became one of the most distinguished lawyers in the country. For many years he was a professor at the School of Law. He was also secretary of the Scientific Literary Society of Costa Rica .

Political career

He was one of the most influential lawyers in his country. Of Costa Rican nationality since 1869 , he became President of the Republic in 1876 , but his mandate ended that same year due to a military uprising; however, the presidency came to him again a few years later. [1]

He held the Secretary of State in the Government of Bernardo Soto Alfaro. He ran as a presidential candidate in 1889, but was defeated by José Joaquín Rodríguez Zeledón . In 1901 he participated in the elections to replace President Rafael Yglesias Castro and was the winner.

Later he was Minister of State, and between 1902 and 1906 he became president; His mandate was affected by a deep economic crisis, caused by the sudden collapse in coffee prices, added to the great growth experienced by the population, as a result of which unemployment and the country’s trade deficit increased. All of this resulted in a heated campaign for the 1906 elections, in which Cleto González Víquez won.

He tried in foreign policy to solve the border issue with Panama and promoted a peace treaty with Nicaragua . After his departure from the government, he resumed his activity as a lawyer, and between 1917 and 1920 he was president of the Supreme Court of Justice.

Years later, he was appointed honorary Consul of Nicaragua in Costa Rica. Member of the Costa Rican Freemasonry, he entered the Fraternal Union Lodge, later leaving it.

Achievements of his government

Among the benefits of his mandate established between 1902 and 1906 are:

  • The continuation of the construction of the Pacific Railroad and declared Puntarenas the terminal port of the Pacific Railroad in 1904.
  • He made progress in the country, despite poor economic prospects.
  • He held the contest to give lyrics to the National Anthem in 1903 .


He contracted his first marriage with Herminia Boza y Boza (who died in 1894), with whom he had a daughter, Hortensia Esquivel Boza, who died in infancy. Later he married in a second nuptials on December 21, 1899 with Adela Salazar Guardia (1869-1907), from whom he had no succession.

The 4 of December of 1909 , married in third nuptials with Cristina Salazar Guard, sister of his second wife, which also had no succession. Adoptive daughter of this marriage was Doña Flora Esquivel Salazar, Doña Cristina’s great niece.


He died in San José on April 15 , 1923 . His remains were transferred from the General Cemetery of San José to the mausoleum of former Presidents of the Republic in Jardines del Recuero in Heredia, on January 15, 1984.


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