Arts and Crafts The Arts and Crafts movement (literally, Arts and Crafts) is an artistic movement that emerged in England at the end of the 19th century and was developed in the United Kingdom and the United States in the last years of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century . Inspired by the work of John Ruskin , it reached its zenith between 1880 and 1910 .
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- 1 Description
- 2 Main drivers
- 3 Characterization
- 4 Source
It was a reformist aesthetic movement that had a great influence on British and American architecture, decorative arts and crafts, and even garden design.
In the United States , the denominations Arts and Crafts movement, American Craftsman, or Craftsman style are used to refer to the architectural and decorative style that prevailed between the periods of Art Nouveau (Modernism) and Art deco, that is, approximately between 1910 and 1925 . It pretends that each object should have or retake something of the past but giving it an elegant sense.
The Arts and Crafts is associated mainly with the figure of William Morris , craftsman, printer, designer, writer, poet, political activist and, finally, multifaceted man, who took care of the recovery of medieval arts and crafts, denying the nascent forms of mass production.
Apart from William Morris , his main drivers were Charles Robert Ashbee , TJ Cobden Sanderson , Walter Crane , Phoebe Anna Traquair , Herbert Tudor Buckland , Charles Rennie Mackintosh , Christopher Dresser , Edwin Lutyens , Ernest Gimson , Frank Lloyd Wright , Gustav Stickley , and the Pre-Raphaelite artists.
The movement claimed medieval trades in the Victorian era, thus claiming the primacy of the human being over the machine and being a movement in principle countercultural. Opposed creativity and art to mass production.
It is characterized by the use of meandering and asymmetrical lines constituting above all a decorative art.