Art is a term that describes a wide range of human activities.
Encyclopædia Britannica Online defines art as “the use of skill and imagination in the creation of aesthetic objects, environments or experiences that can be shared with others”.
Art is the quality, production, expression, or mastery, according to aesthetic principles, of what is beautiful, attractive, or more than a common meaning.
The products of these human property activities refer to the visual arts, which cover the creation of images or objects in areas, including painting, sculpture, printmaking, photography and other visual media.
In fact, the definitions of this concept vary widely at different times and places, and none of them is universally accepted.
Thus, by Marcel Mauss, “a work of art, by definition, is the object recognized as such by a group. “This is why collections of artistic productions can be evaluated and classified differently in different cultures, authors and institutions.
In Europe, since the 18th century, the term mainly covers the products of the so-called “plastic arts”, such as sculpture, painting, architecture, graphic arts, as well as music, dance and poetry and literature.
Definition of Art
The term Art comes from the Latin Ars, which means skill. It is defined as an activity that manifests visual aesthetics, developed by artists who are based on their own emotions. Art is generally a reflection of the era and culture experienced.
Art has existed since the first signs of man’s development, initially used to meet survival needs, such as kitchen utensils and cave inscriptions.
In Century V a. C., was considered technical, of Greek tékn, where sculptures and paintings were technical improvements.
Art is developed with the aim of showing the artist’s thinking and expressing feelings, through different currents of style and aesthetics.
Style and Aesthetics are its manifestations. Style is the form of the work and Aesthetics is the foundation of Art. Each interprets the scenarios and objects in a unique and singular way, which characterizes the movement that names it.
Among the existing artistic movements, we can highlight:
Abstractionism, Arcadism, Art Deco, Art Nouveau, Byzantine Art, Primitive Christian Art, Egyptian Art, Gothic Art, Greek Art, Roman Art, Rock Art, Baroque, Bauhaus, Classicism, Concretism, Constructivism, Cubism, Dadaism, Expressionism, Fauvism, Futurism, Impressionism, Mannerism, Minimalism, Modernism, Naturalism, Neoclassicism, Neo-concreteism, Neo-realism, Nouvelle Vague, Parnasianism, Pop Art, Primitivism, Realism, Regionalism, Renaissance, Romanticism, Symbolism, Surrealism and Tropicalism.
In addition to the currents mentioned, Art and artistic work are also manifested through technologies, with various media such as radio (music and melodies), photography, dance, cinema and television (which has an important role in disseminating artistic information). In addition to museums (manuscripts, sculptures and paintings).
The artist’s ability to read and interpret life, with such sensitivity and to express it in the form of paintings, music and other works, is what is called Art.
Art can be expressed through sculpture, like Michelangelo’s Davi. In Ravel scores or paintings by Van Gogh, Picasso, Dali and other exponents of artistic movements. Art is transmitted through the artist, who uses creativity to externalize the work, whose inspiration is revealed by the perception of life.
Through artistic manifestations and works, it is possible to know the culture of a society or a group.
Therefore, Art preserves and keeps alive the aspects that marked and defined the characteristic of a people.
Scholars and historians say that Art, whether visual, sound or interpretation, allows people to observe the world and avidly, from different perspectives, which suggests more debate to the population.