Anna Seghers. German writer. Fighter against the Nazi dictatorship, she was arrested and her books are banned and burned for defending her ideas. Belonging to the Communist Party of Germany and founder of the anti-fascist club Heinrich Heine , of which he becomes president.
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- 1 Biographical synthesis
- 1 Birth
- 2 Studies
- 3 Professional career
- 4 Death
- 2 Works
- 3 Sources
Born on 19 November as as 1900 , in Mainz, Germany . Daughter of an art dealer named Isidor Reiling and his wife Frau Hedwig; His family professes the Orthodox Jewish religion and in that environment he grows up.
He studied History , Art History , and Psychology in Cologne and Heidelberg, earning a doctorate in 1924 with a dissertation on Jews and Judaism in Rembrandt’s work .
She married the Hungarian sociologist László Radványi in 1925 . In 1926 he published his first work, a short story called Grubetsch in 1927 under the stage name Seghers.
In 1928 he published his first book The Santa Barbara Fishermen’s Revolt (Aufstand der Fischer von St. Barbara) under the pseudonym Anna Seghers. For this first book, at the proposal of Hans Henny Jahn, he won the Kleist Prize that same year. Also in 1928 he joined the German Communist Party, during the fierce struggles he maintains against the Nazis.
In 1930 he traveled for the first time to the Soviet Union . After National Socialism came to power, she was temporarily arrested by the Gestapo; his books in Germany were banned and burned. Soon after, he was able to escape to Switzerland , from where he moved to Paris .
In exile he collaborated with magazines of German emigrants; She was a contributor to the Neuen Deutschen Blätter (New Germany Newspaper). He was one of the founders of the Schutzverbandes Deutscher Schriftsteller in Paris. With the arrival of World War II and the taking of Paris by German troops, her husband was interned in the Le Vernet concentration camp in southern France . He managed to escape with his children from Paris to the southern part of France. In Marseilles, she tried to get her husband released as soon as there is a possibility of leaving the country. This stage forms the basis of his novel Tránsito (Transit) (published in 1944). He managed to leave Marseille until Mexico City
He founded the Heinrich Heine Antifascist Club, of which he became president. In 1942 he published what has probably been his best-known novel, The Seventh Cross (Das siebte Kreuz), translated into English in the United States and published in German in Mexico and made into movies in 1944 by Fred Zinnemann .
In 1947 he left Mexico and returned to Berlin, as a member of the Unified Socialist Party of Germany, initially in West Berlin. In that year he was awarded the Georg Büchner Prize. In 1951 he won the National Prize of the German Democratic Republic and made a trip to the People’s Republic of China .
In 1961 he traveled to Brazil . In 1975 she was made an Honorary Citizen of Berlin-East. From 1952 to 1978 she was the president of the Federation of Writers of the German Democratic Republic. In 1981, he was awarded the Honorary Citizenship of his hometown, Mainz.
Die 1 as June as 1983 and is buried in Berlin