Alstroemeria . Commonly called Peruvian Lily or Lily of the Incas is a South American genus of about 120 species, growing mainly in cool, mountainous regions in the Andes .


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  • 1 Taxonomy
    • 1 Scientific name
      • 1.1 Authors
    • 2 Type species
    • 3 Species
  • 2 Features
  • 3 Facts
  • 4 Main species
  • 5 Crops and uses
    • 1 Care
  • 6 References
  • 7 Source


Scientific name

  • Alstroemeria L. [1]


  • Linnaeus, Carl von

published in: Alstömeria Plant 8. 1762 . [2]

Type species

  • Alstroemeria pelegrina L. [3]


Annex: Alstroemeria species [4]


If the soil temperature rises too high above 22 degrees Celsius the Alstroemeria plant puts its effort into producing larger tuberous roots at the cost of budding buds. With some varieties this can lead to the production of exclusively stems and no flowers .

Alstroemeria is a bilaterally symmetrical zygomorphic flower with 3 sepals and 3 generally striped petals. The sepals and petals in Alstroemeria are similar in color and texture, that is, there are no solid green sepals. Alstroemeria has six stamens and one undivided pistil.


  • Alstroemeria flowers bloom between late spring or early summer .
  • The colors of the Alstroemerias can vary between orange , pink , purple, red , yellow , white or salmon .
  • Alstroemeria is named after the Swedish botanist Klas von Alstroemer, who was a student of the great botanist Linnaeus.
  • The genus Alstroemeria consists of about 50 species .
  • Alstroemeria leaves are upside down. The leaf twists when it leaves the stem, so that the bottom is facing up.
  • Alstroemeria flowers have no perfume .
  • If you look at an Alstroemeria stalk you can see that sometimes a spiral pattern of growth on the stalk. This is due to the production of new cells in a spiral sequence and this is the cause of the movement of the plant.
  • More modern hybrid plants of Alstroemeria are reproduced in the laboratory.
  • Not all Alstroemerias have striped petals.
  • If the temperature is too high, Alstroemeria do not produce flowers.


Main species

  • Alstroemeria aurea: Lily of the Incas .
  • Alstroemeria aurantiaca: Peruvian Princess Lily.
  • Alstroemeria Caryophyllacea: Brazilian Lily.
  • Haemantha of Alstroemeria: Parrot Lily of Purplespot.
  • Ligtu of Alstroemeria: Lily of the Nile .
  • Alstroemeria Psittacina: White Lily of the Incas
  • Alstroemeria pulchella: Red Parrot Lily

Crops and uses

Many hybrids and about 190 cultivated varieties of Alstroemeria have been developed, with different markings and colors, ranging from white, golden yellow, orange, apricot, pink, red, purple and lavender. Alstroemeria, which resembles a miniature lily, is popularly used in corsages and royal court flower arrangements. Alstroemeria has a life in a vase of approximately two weeks.

For cultivation.

  • Plant alstroemerias in well-sunny soil with good drainage.
  • Add a light application of compost to the hole before planting.
  • Do not place the plants deeper than the ones that came in the containers.
  • Mulch around but not on top of plants with 3 inches of compost.
  • Put water until the soil is completely wet.


  • Cut the old flower stems.
  • Mulch around, but not on top of plants in early spring with 3 inches of compost.
  • Put water in weekly until the soil is completely wet in summers with zero rain .


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