Aleli . The Alelí or Alhelí , is a herbal plant with a semi-woody stem at the base, biennial (that is, in the first year a rosette of leaves is formed that constitutes food reserves for development and the following year the flower appears ). It has small four-petal flowers, terminal, single or double, with a soft perfume and varied colors.
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- 1 Etymology
- 2 Features
- 3 Different varieties of Wallflowers
- 4 Pests and diseases
- 1 Diseases
- 2 Pests
- 5 Sources
- In Spanish , known as Alelí.
- In France , known as Giroflee.
- In Italy , known as Violacciocca.
- In England , known as Stock.
- It is a Herbaceous type plant , with an upright stem of up to 70 cm. long, which can be branched according to the species.
- Its lanceolate type leaves have a width of approximately 6 cm., And a length that varies between 15 and 25 cm.
- Its stems are woody and the leaves, greyish green, grow alternately.
- The pyramidal flowers, formed by four petals, can be single or double and have an intense aroma. Its colors vary between pink, lilac, cream, white, red and violet.
- The optimal quality of the Alelí flower is higher when the temperature is low since for its optimal growth the temperature should be between 5ºC and 21ºC.
- It is a very sensitive plant to transplants, and thrives in fertile land with good water drainage .
- When they measure between 3 and 4 inches, it is when they can be transplanted.
- They look beautiful on the walls or on the edge of stones and if they are planted in the ground it must be a distance of 12 inches, between one plant and another.
- Flowering time: from spring to early autumn , especially in summer .
- Uses: for flowerpot and garden , on balconies, terraces, for mixed borders, for terraces, slopes, rockeries, etc.
- Light: in full sun .
- It thrives in fertile, well-drained soil.
- Regular watering a couple of times every ten days, taking care that the water never stagnates on the ground.
- It is convenient to eliminate the withered flowers to favor a new flowering.
- It is multiplied by seeds, which are found inside a silicone fruit (germinates in one or two weeks); It is advisable to sow them sheltered in autumn to transplant outdoors in spring, taking care not to damage the roots when doing so because they are very delicate, leaving space between the plants for later growth if they are located in the garden, for a pot to adapt the content of the same to the size that it acquires as it develops.
- Its medicinal properties are known as diuretics and cardiotonics.
Different varieties of Wallflowers
Although there are several varieties of Wallflowers, the most widespread are:
- Matthiola Incana: Origin Central Asia, Mediterranean Basin and South Africa ; known as Quarantine Wallflower, Ingrown Wallflower or Winter Wallflower. Its flowering is from spring to late summer . From this species others have been obtained with double fluorination.
- Cheiranthus Cheiri: Origin Asia Minor ; vulgarly known as Alelí Dorado or Alelí Amarillo. Its flowering is from spring to autumn .
- Matthiola Fruticulosa: Origin Mediterranean Region ; Vulgarly known as Field Wallflower . Its flowering is from spring to summer.
Plagues and diseases
- Herniation of the roots, in the Wallflowers this disease is relatively frequent. It is produced by the fungus Plasmodiophora brassicae and is characterized by the formation of elongated tumors in the roots of the plants. The leaves languish, yellow and eventually rot, heavily invaded by other microorganisms . Pluck and burn diseased plants. Avoid planting Alelí without disinfecting the soil.
- Evil white, the Wallflowers, as well as the Matthiola incana and other crucifers, attacks the fungus Albugo candida. In the diseased leaves, white pustules or blisters are observed, which later break, giving off a mealy white powder. At the beginning of the disease, its spread can be contained by spraying ( copper oxychloride , zineb , etc.). If the plants are heavily attacked, there will be no other choice but to pluck and burn them. It is also advisable to avoid getting wet with irrigation.
- Gray mold , brown spots covered with gray mold (Botrytis cinerea) develop at the base of the twigs , which weaken and break. It can cause death. It avoids excessive humidity and separates the plants, which can be protected by spraying with zineb.
- Mildew, yellowish spots appear on the upper surface, which later turn brown, and on the underside, in a humid environment, a white mold forms.
- Bacteriosis, the bacterium Xanthomonas campestriscauses yellowing, wilting, and dropping of diseased leaves and some flowers. Starting and burning is the only thing that can be done.
- Mining moth , the Mariposilla Plutella maculipennis, which can attack all species of the Cruciferous family in the larval stage. At first they make galleries on the leaves and then gnaw at them in the open. Spray with diazinon as soon as the invasion is noticed.
- Caterpillar cabbage, caterpillars sprouts white butterfly (Pieris brassicae) eat leaves this and other Cruciferae. Fight them when they are small.
- Bedbugs Cruciferae, rojinegra Chince and ornata Eurydema, black , and [[green], as much abound, can cause damage to plants with numerous bites on leaves.