What Is Afar Language;Know About Afar Speakers

Afar ( Qafár af ) is an Eastern Cuxitic language spoken in Ethiopia , Eritrea and Djibouti by Afar . There are believed to be 1.5 million Afar speakers . The basic order of words in Afar, as in other Eastern Cuchitic languages, is Subject-Object-Verb . Its speakers have a literary degree between 1% and 3%. Its closest relative is the Saho language . [ 1 ]


  • 1Phonology
    • 1Consonants
    • 2Vowels and tonic accent
  • 2Phonotactic
  • 3Written system
    • 1Latin alphabet
  • 4Notes and references
  • 5Bibliography
  • 6External links



The consonants of the afar language in standard spelling are listed below (with the notation IPA in parentheses):

  Bilabial Labiodental Alveolar Retroflex Palatal Velar Pharyngeal Glottal
Stops vocalized    [b]      [d]    [ɖ]      [ɡ]    
not vocalized        [t]        [k]    
Fricatives vocalized                [ʕ]  
not vocalized      [f]    [s]          [ħ]    [h]
Nasal    [m]      [n]          
Approximate    [w]      [l]      [j]      
Puncture        [r]        

Consonants containing syllables are relevant, for example, akʰˈme .

Vowels and tonic accent edit edit source code ]

  • short
    • [ʌ]
    • and [e]
    • [i]
    • [o]
    • [u]
  • long
    • aa [aː]
    • ee [eː]
    • ii [iː]
    • oo [oː]
    • uu [uː]

The final vowels of the verbs in affirmative sentences are aspirated (and accented), for example abeh = / aˈbeʰ / ‘He did.’ The final vowels of the verbs in the negative sentences are not aspirated (nor accented), for example maabinna = / ˈmaabinna / ‘He did not.’ Are the final vowels of the verbs in the interrogative phrases elongated (and accented), for example abee? = / aˈbeː / ‘Did he do it?’ Otherwise, it is accentuated at the end of words.


Syllables are formed (C) V (V) (C). An exception is the group of three consonants -str-.

Written system 

Afar can be written with the Latin alphabet or with Ge’ez script

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