The Acadian Empire was formed thanks to the conquests of Sargon I of Acad and had its kingdom in Mesopotamia in the 21st century BC, approximately between the years 2,334 to 2,192. Among the conquests of Sargon, Uruk, recognized for its great walls, are also the Sumerian cities of Umma, Ur and Lagash.
According to records of this empire, it extended to Lebanon, the Mediterranean coast, the Zagros Mountains, Anatolia, Elam, Tigris, Euphrates and Syria.
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Monarchs of the Acadian Empire
The monarchs who reigned in the Acadian Empire were Sargon, Rimush and Manishutusu his sons, Naram-Sin a grandson and Sharkalisharri, son of his grandson.
Sargon: Sargon the Great himself called himself, his authority weakened when he had to face uprisings of Sumerian subjects, although he won the battle he gave power to his son Rimush.
Rimush: He was killed by his courtiers who stabbed him and his brother Manishutusu had to succeed him. Rimush ruled between 2,278 and 2,270 BC
Manishutusu: He led an expedition in search of a metal alternative to make bronze, since he found that the western part of the empire had regained its independence.
Naram-Sim: He was the son of Manishutusu and most of his reign between the years 2,254-2,218 BC was at war. He conquered the Assyrians, defeated the Hurrians and ended the revolt of the Persian Gulf of the Akkadian subjects.
Sharkalisharri: son of Naram-Sim, was the shortest reign of the years 2,217 to 2,193 BC His subjects were murdered, this death unleashed many wars for the throne and next to the invasion by the tribes of the Zagros mountains, he concluded in the disappearance of the Acadian Empire.
Ebla’s Clay Tablets
In an exploration in 1964, archaeologists found remains of a city that had been destroyed by Sargon. However, the most important findings were about 20 thousand clay tablets inscribed with cuneiform writing.
And thanks to these writings, it was possible to reconstruct an image of what this empire was, in fact, thanks to those tablets it was determined that Ebla was the capital of the Acadian Empire, whose economy and wealth was based on agriculture and commerce.
Wine, barley, olive trees were grown and they also raised sheep and cattle. As for trade, it was evidenced that they traded with bronze, silver, gold and fabrics.