The snow leopard (Panthera uncia) is a carnivorous mammal that is part of the Panthera genus . These animals are stealthy predators, capable of killing their prey up to three times their own weight, thanks to the powerful construction of their legs and ease of jumping.
These are the 10 facts you should know about the snow leopard:
- The period of gestation of the snow leopard is 90 to 100 days, after which a litter of three or four young with a weight of 300 to 600 grams is born.
- Extremely fragmented populations are found in the remote mountainous areas of Central Asia .
- It is estimated that global warming will destroy two thirds of the habitable space for these mammals in the next 50 years.
- Its diet is based on the meat of mammals and birds, among which are the blue ram or baral ( Pseudois nayaur ), the Siberian ibex ( Capra sibirica ), marmots and wild boars among others.
- Snow leopards are masters of camouflage and are perfectly equipped to live in the mountains.
- The natural area of an unpaired male could cover a territory of 200 square kilometers.
- The snow leopards move to different altitudes according to the summer and winter migrations of their prey animals.
- They are largely solitary animals and live in low densities in the mountains at altitudes ranging from 2,000 to more than 5,000 meters above sea level.
- Its very long and thick tail has a double function:
- In first it allows him to maintain the balance in steep lands.
- On the other hand, it also serves to wrap the body to be wrapped around him in the harsh winter.