World Year of Physics. Declared in 2005 by numerous Physics organizations around the world, and by IUPAP and Unesco . The reason was the commemoration of the centenary of the Annus Mirabilis of 1905 , in which Albert Einstein wrote three important scientific articles, on the Brownian Movement, the Photoelectric Effect and the Special Theory of Relativity.
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- 1 History
- 2 International celebration
- 1 Objectives
- 2 Reasons
- 3 Organizations that participate
- 4 Sources
In October of 2002 the International Union of Pure and Applied Physics (IUPAP), picking up a proposal for the World Congress of Physical Societies (Berlin, December of 2000 ), unanimously adopted a resolution declaring 2005 as the World Year of Physics . This initiative was supported by UNESCO at the thirty-second session of the General Conference. Subsequently, the United Nations Organization (UN), in its 90th plenary session on June 10, 2004, proclaimed 2005 as the International Year of Physics.
It is an international celebration of Physics and its importance in lives. Its aim is to bring science closer to society and, especially, to motivate young people to build the next generation of scientists. Coinciding with the first centenary of Albert Einstein’s so-called “Annus Mirabilis”, 1905 , the International Year of Physics 2005 is celebrated. This event tries to bring Physics closer to society and, especially, to promote an interest in science among young people and research.
Physics not only plays an important role in the development of science and technology, but also has a strong impact on society. However, the knowledge that physics has for the general public, and its importance in daily life, is continuously decreasing. Also the number of Physics students is decreasing significantly year after year.
To cope with this situation, one of the objectives of the International Year of Physics 2005 will be to bring science closer to society and motivate young people to build the next generation of scientists. The celebration of this event will be used to promote initiatives that promote research, teaching and dissemination of this discipline.
At the dawn of the 21st century, the contributions of Physics to other sciences will be essential to solve global problems such as energy production, protection of the environment and public health.
Albert Einstein is one of the best known and most important scientists of the 20th century . 2005 marks the first centenary of the publication of the Special Theory of Relativity and the so-called “Annus Mirabilis”, 1905 , the year in which he published several works that have profoundly influenced modern physics.
These discoveries, very relevant in the development of Science and Physics, also had an important impact on other aspects of the cultural, social and political life of the moment and of later times, being their author one of the most outstanding personalities of the century. XX, not only for its scientific relevance but also for the ideas and opinions expressed in other cultural, social and political aspects.
Organizations that participate
International organizations, scientific associations, science museums, physics departments and science teachers from different educational levels participate in this event. Here are some of them, a more complete list can be found on the official site of the International Year of Physics 2005, WYP2005
- IUPAC : International Union of Pure and Applied Physics
- EPS : European Physics Society
- EIROforum: Collaborative body between European intergovernmental research organizations *
- ESO: European Southern Observatory
- IAPS: International Association of Physics Students
- World Federation of Physics Competitions: World Federation of Physics Olympics
- ICO: International Commission for Optics
- APS: American Physics Society
- FELASOFI: Latin American Federation of Physics Societies
- Royal Spanish Physics Society
- Official College of Physicists
- AIP: American Institute of Physics
- National Autonomous University of Mexico
- AAPT: American Association of Physics Teachers