he Bible was written by about 40 different people but the real author was God . The people who wrote the books of the Bible were inspired by God ( 2 Peter 1: 20-21 ). That is why we say that the Bible is the Word of God.
The people who wrote the Bible lived for about 1500 years, in Israel and several other countries. They had very different cultures and ways of life, but the message in all the books of the Bible is the same. God guided the words of each author of the Bible, to transmit His Word to the world.
See also: is the Bible really the Word of God?
The books of the Bible have:
- One author per book– for example, the book of James was written by James, brother of Jesus
- One author for several books– Paul, for example, wrote 13 books of the Bible!
- Various authors for a book– the book of Psalms is a set of poems written by several different people, such as David, Solomon, Moses and several priests – read here: who wrote the book of Psalms?
- An author and an editor– the book of Deuteronomy is a set of sermons by Moses but the account of his death at the end of the book suggests that someone later organized and completed the information
- Unknown author– few books of the Bible have no recognized author; no one knows who wrote Job and the authorship of the book of Hebrews is much discussed – see here: who wrote the book of Hebrews?
How do we know that the books of the Bible are not a forgery?
Some people suggest that the Bible was written or modified much later, for political reasons. But there is a lot of evidence to suggest that the books of the Bible are authentic and written by who they say they are:
- Many old copies– compared to other old books accepted as authentic, the books of the Bible have many more old copies found; that means they were not written long after
- Exact copies– comparing the oldest copies of the Bible with the most recent copies, the text is almost identical, except for some grammar and spelling errors; more than 99% of the text is the same; this proves that the Bible has not been modified
- Correct information– usually a forgery contains many errors of geography, customs of the time, etc; the books of the Bible do not have such errors.