The prostate gland (or prostate gland) is a gland of the male genital system made up of fibrous and muscular tissue. The main function of the prostate is to generate and store the seminal fluid which will then be emitted at the time of ejaculation. The prostate is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum .
What is the Prostate?
With its length of about 3 centimeters, a width of 4 cm and a thickness of 2.5 cm, and the narrowest part oriented downwards , the prostate has dimensions and shape equal to those of a chestnut. It exists in a smaller size in the child, only to develop during puberty. A sexual maturation occurred usually arrives to weigh, under normal conditions, between 10 and 20 grams.
The prostate covers the initial part of the urethra , the conduit that transports urine outside the body. It is made up of lobes , and a central part that surrounds the ejaculatory ducts. For about 70%, the volume of this gland is formed by a peripheral area. Other important parts are then two lateral lobes, and an anterior area.
The prostate can be home to various ailments such as inflammations, infections, neoplasms, stones and cysts .
What is the prostate for?
The prostate gland is an exocrine gland . Its main function is to secrete prostate fluid and contribute to the production of sperm . Sperm is produced by collaborating with the bulbourethral glands and seminal vesicles , known together with the prostate as “accessory seminal glands” . Sperm is made up of about 25% of prostate fluid, which is responsible for several tasks: increasing the motility of the spermatozoa and reducing the acidity of urine and vaginal secretions , allowing the spermatozoa to survive longer, and finally take part to the processes ofsperm coagulation and fluidization .
The secretion of prostate fluid is controlled by male hormones (androgens, originating mainly from the testicles ).