Proponents of socialism follow several ideas about Vladimir Lenin, in particular his idea of avant-garde. According to the idea of a vanguard party, the socialists must organize themselves according to the principles of democratic centralism in order to obtain a considerable influence on the class struggle. Individuals who consider themselves the elite form an organization that would help them attract more workers and financially stable individuals, with the main purpose of fighting enemies and their schools of thought. The party is strictly centralized and members are expected to be united on all fronts and speak with one voice. The avant-gardes therefore try to put their organizations at the center of a revolutionary movement, making it more popular among its supporters.
Avant-garde political party
Lenin, who was the first leader of the Bolsheviks, invented the term avant-garde party. He argued that a vanguard party was a resource that could be used to bring about the communist revolution through a practical party and political leadership. The main purpose of the vanguard party is to create a dictatorial form of leadership that must be sponsored by the working class and by the financially stable member in society. Socialism was made possible due to the constant changes in the working class.
In the first quarter of the 20th century, Lenin, a Russian philosopher, argued that the vanguard party would pioneer the revolution to overthrow the tsarist government, and subsequently transfer the government’s legislative power to members of the working class of the party. An avant-garde party exists for two main reasons. First, it is to protect members from outside influence and to advance their concepts. Secondly, it is to educate new members on the principles of avant-gardism to clean them of individual self-awareness and to instill “class consciousness” in them.
Are Vanguard members effective?
The vanguard parties are not effective as agents of revolutionary change. However, the avant-gardes are effective and efficient in several things, including the reproduction of the hierarchy in a revolutionary movement. The party is efficient in producing a bureaucratic regime within the current social movement and future revolutionary movements that can be formed. Once in power, the avant-garde party models society in its image. The vanguard parties are generally antisocial because without the party the revolution would not be possible. The party’s role is to instil socialist politics in the working class that is unable to develop them on its own.
The avant-gardes are considered antisocial, probably because of the laws imposed on them by Lenin. Lenin made it clear that without a radical party, no revolution is possible. The implication is that the working class cannot work independently and break free with its own efforts. This is surely because the working class cannot independently develop its laws and its political theory. The failure to develop one’s own laws and political theories leads to failure to transform society into almost all aspects. Without the revolutions and radical movements that give the working class socialist and avant-garde ideas, the transformation that the movement is looking for is almost impossible to achieve. The avant-gardes rarely meet the hopes and aspirations of their supporters.