What Is Shark Finning?

Shark is the process to cut shark fins. This practice is considered cruel because it takes place while the shark is still alive and after the shark finning process, sharks are sometimes turned over in the ocean, and without the fins they cannot swim efficiently. This inability to swim causes them to sink into the bottom of the sea, die from suffocation or is eaten by other fish. Sharks take days to die, which is a horrible death for such a beautiful animal. The process takes place at sea and the fishermen only wear fins because shark meat is too bulky and is believed to have low economic value. Fishermen choose any type of shark regardless of its size and age.

Shark finning business

In recent years, the shark fin trade has increased enormously due to the increased demand for shark fins which are mainly used to prepare shark fin soups and even traditional medicines. The activity has also increased thanks to the improvement in technology that has led to the production of better equipment and a better market economy. This is perhaps further promoted by the fact that trade is not monitored and is not managed, which threatens the shark population worldwide.

Shark finning is such a lucrative trade that it has been estimated to be between $ 500 million and 1.2 billion in 2007. It is said that one kilogram of shark fins is worth USD 400 making them one of the most expensive seafoods. Due to some laws imposed in various places in the United States that prohibit the practice, some species like the whale shark and basking sharks are considered very valuable and a single fin can cost between USD 10,000 and USD 20,000.

Uses of shark fins

Shark fins are mainly used to make shark fin soup which is considered an Asian delicacy. This explains why the Chinese and other Far Eastern nations are known to be the most important importers of shark fins to make soup that can be worth about USD 100 per bowl often served during weddings. Shark fins are absolutely insipid, but they provide the gelatinous component of the soup flavored with other types of chicken.

Effects of shark finning

The most obvious impact is that the shark population is decreasing immensely. According to reports, over a hundred million sharks go through finning every year, and this leads to their final death. On the lower side, about 8,000 tons of shark fins are transported around the world every year. Some of the sharks are also pinati while they are still young and this inhibits their growth as they cannot reproduce.

Sharks also tend to mature slowly and then reproduce at a slow pace which makes them very susceptible to over-exploitation. Statistics show that shark populations have fallen by eighty percent in the last fifty years.

The process concerns not only the shark population but also the ecosystem in general. This is because sharks are apical predators and therefore play a crucial role in the marine system (ecological stability). Due to the decrease in the shark population, the numbers of shellfish have been reduced. Molluscs purify water Therefore, their reduced number has led to a reduction in water quality. The number of small sharks that consumes the mollusk at an alarming rate has also increased.

Sharks such as requiem sharks, hammerhead sharks, basking sharks and whale sharks are among the 39 types of sharks that have been listed as the most endangered species.

Laws and regulations

Several bills have been submitted by various countries, some claiming that the fins should have a weight ratio of five percent of the dead shark. Only some states require that sharks should be served at the port while their fins are still intact. Returning in 2013, the 27 countries and the European Union have made shark finning illegal. The practice violates the United Nations Convention on the trade in endangered flora and fauna (CITES).It is therefore essential to work to banish all the practices that threaten our natural environment. Preserving nature for posterity is vital.

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