What is Religious Fundamentalism?

Religious fundamentalism refers to the belief of an individual or a group of individuals in the absolute authority of a sacred religious text or of the teachings of a particular religious leader, prophet and / or God. These fundamentalists believe that their religion is beyond beyond any form of criticism and should therefore also be imposed on others. The logical explanations and scientific evidence have no place in these belief systems if they operate against their religious fundamentalists. For fundamentalists, religion dictates every sphere of their daily life, and they also try to involve the whole society in their belief system, often through the use of force.

First conceptions of modern religious fundamentalism

The concept of modern religious fundamentalism was introduced with the publication of The Foundations, a series of books published between 1909 and 1920 inviting Christians to believe in certain religious doctrines of Christianity. The term “fundamentalist” was soon used to describe a section of Protestant Christians who were separatist towards modernity. In recent years, the term was used to relate to the most extreme believers of every religion in the world.

Fundamentalism all over the world

Most world religions tend to be associated with fundamentalist elements. Christian fundamentalists, who have absolute beliefs in the words of the Holy Bible, are found everywhere in the Christian world. In the early part of 20th Century, Christian fundamentalists, like those in the United States, protested against the theory of evolution advanced by Charles Darwin, and also supported the temperance movement against the sale of alcohol. Currently, a part of Christian fundamentalists believes in “premillennial eschatology”, in which he considers the world to be condemned until Jesus returns and defeats the Antichrist. Jewish fundamentalism is widespread in Israel, where Jewish fundamentalists make constant efforts to establish orthodox Jewish culture in the region,Halacha , the Jewish religious law, in every aspect of Israeli life..

In the case of Sikhism, however, the 1980s Khalistan movement, which witnessed the assassination of Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, is often labeled as a fundamentalist Sikh movement with the aim of reaching an independent Sikh state. The believers of Buddhism and Jainism show very little fundamentalism and, since these religions are based on the defense of peace and non-violence, violence of any kind is not practiced by the followers of these religions. However, the Soka Gakkai sect of Nichiren Buddhism in Japan, which denies the credibility of all other forms of Buddhism, is sometimes labeled as fundamentalist. it is often labeled as a fundamentalist Sikh movement with the aim of reaching an independent Sikh state.

The believers of Buddhism and Jainism show very little fundamentalism and, since these religions are based on the defense of peace and non-violence, violence of any kind is not practiced by the followers of these religions. However, the Soka Gakkai sect of Nichiren Buddhism in Japan, which denies the credibility of all other forms of Buddhism, is sometimes labeled as fundamentalist. it is often labeled as a fundamentalist Sikh movement with the aim of reaching an independent Sikh state.

Implications in progress

Extreme fundamentalism in today’s world is responsible for many miseries, claiming many lives of innocent people. A society with fundamental beliefs generates a closed attitude towards life to the degree of paranoia and in some cases feeds an aggressive behavior. Fundamentalism closes the door to the acceptance of modern ideas and scientific principles and the exchange of thoughts between societies around the world. The difference between “good” and “bad” is clearly defined in these companies and no experimentation of any kind is permitted. The right to say “no” is dissolved, and often those who live in the same society, although initially non-believer, become the subject of “approval by approval”, in which gaining respect and acceptance in one’s own society must begin to follow the fundamentalist principles themselves, even though they may not be able to relate to them.

Since fundamentalists do not listen to the voices of others, others may also be less inclined to hear them. This generates feelings of violence against others and often leads to conflicts. Fundamentalism is often practiced by believers to save their belief systems and traditions from being swept away by waves of modern change, but in the process they can become so entangled within the confines of their beliefs that they are unable to emerge from the despair without resorting to acts of violence and aggression. although they may not be able to relate to them. Since fundamentalists do not listen to the voices of others, others may also be less inclined to hear them. This generates feelings of violence against others and often leads to conflicts.

Fundamentalism is often practiced by believers to save their belief systems and traditions from being swept away by waves of modern change, but in the process they can become so entangled within the confines of their beliefs that they are unable to emerge from the despair without resorting to acts of violence and aggression. although they may not be able to relate to them. Since fundamentalists do not listen to the voices of others, others may also be less inclined to hear them. This generates feelings of violence against others and often leads to conflicts. Fundamentalism is often practiced by believers to save their belief systems and traditions from being swept away by waves of modern change, but in the process they can become so entangled within the confines of their beliefs that they are unable to emerge from the despair without resorting to acts of violence and aggression. This generates feelings of violence against others and often leads to conflicts

 

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