Hiatus is when two vowels are together but in neighboring syllables. [ 1 ] The hiatus differs from a diphthong and a tritong in that it consists of two vowels and, consequently, is pronounced in two voice efforts. That is, words have the greatest inflection of voice in the antepenultimate syllable.
Breaks in the Portuguese Language [ edit | edit source code ]
Note: the description below is given to Brazilian Portuguese (PtBr) and / or European Portuguese (PtE).
In the Portuguese language we find gaps in the following syllables, for example:
- aerial/ ˈɛ .ɾe.u / ( PB ) / ɐ.ˈɛ .ɾi.u / ( PE )
- l eal / l ˈa w / (PB) / l ɨ.ˈa l / (PE)
- p ior / p ˈɔ ʀ / (PB) / p i.ˈɔ ɾ / (PE)
- r aiz / ʀ ˈi s / (PB) / ʀ ɐ.ˈiʃ / or / r ɐ.ˈiʃ / (PE)
- r uído / ʀ ˈi .du /
- M oema / m ˈe .ma /
However, in quick speech, in informal language or in certain dialects, some gaps are transformed into diphthongs. Ex.:
- Árd ‘ ua /ˈaʀ.dafg’ / >> /ˈaʀ.d wa / (PB) /ˈaɾ.d u.ɐ / >> /ˈaɾ.d wɐ / (PE)
- d iabo / d ˈa .bu / >> / ˈd ja .bu / (PE)
- specific ie/is.pɛ.s i / >> /is.pɛ.s ji / (PB) /ɨʃ.pɛ.s i.ɨ / >> /ɨʃ.pɛ.s jɨ / (EP)
- l eal / l ɨ.ˈa l / >> / jal ja l / (PE)
- patt io/ˈpa.t u / >> /ˈpa.t ju /
- Patrick was/pa.tɾ i. / >> /pa.tɾ ja / (PB) /pa.tɾ i.ɐ / >> /pa.tɾ jɐ / (EP)
- r io/ ˈʀ u / >> / ˈʀ iw / or / ˈr i.u / >> / ˈr iw /
- s uíno / s ˈi .nu / >> / wis wi .nu /
- tên u/te.n i / >> /te.n wi / (PB) fine /tɛ.n u.ɨ / >> /tɛ.n wɨ /
- vac uo/ˈva.k u / >> /ˈva.k wu /
The passage from a hiatus to diphthong is called syneresis . The reverse process is called diaeresis . When the passage from a hiatus to diphthong is made between two different words, it is called sinalefa , a resource often used in poetry.