Cubism was an important pioneering artistic style of Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque in the early 20th century. Cubism is avant-garde in nature, in the sense that it was experimental and radical. Louis Vauxcelles coined the term “cubism” in 1908 after observing the landscapes painted by Braque and observing how the geometric shapes were “cubes”. The Cubist painters rejected the old practice of art by copying nature and experimenting with perspective and modeling techniques. These artists believed in two-dimensional canvas. They fractured objects in geometric shapes using multiple panoramic points to represent the subject. The works of the Cubists have revolutionized European painting and sculpture, inspiring movements in music, literature and
Cubist architecture background
Cubist architecture was heavily inspired by Cubist art in terms of geometric shapes and forms. At the beginning this was manifested in the design of radical experimental buildings. The most common characteristics shared were transparency, spatial ambiguity, the facet of form and multiplicity. Cubist architecture highlights concepts such as abstraction, geometrization, symbolism, distortion, fragmentation and illusion. The buildings are characterized by clear and clear lines to allow perspective viewing. The windows have a cubic or rectangular shape and do not necessarily align with one another, creating a revolutionary appearance. The use of reinforced concrete structures has also given Cubism an advantage in
Debate on cubist architecture
Cubist architecture was not well received in its early days. People believed it was a bizarre betrayal of modern architecture. Many cube-shaped buildings were made of bricks that were difficult to cut into geometric shapes, making their construction expensive and demanding. Concrete soon became a more ideal construction method because the Cubists could pour it into any flexible geometric shape. The goal of the Cubist architects was to embrace the ornaments, making the shape so dynamic that it could perform an ornamental function. People have also mocked the tendency of Cubist architects to excessively emphasize the beauty of the exterior and completely ignore interior design. Find a furniture that could blend well with the the unique interior of these houses was a difficult challenge. The Cubist architects believed that style was designed to produce a complex work of art and challenge interior designers to be creative. In the end, Cubist furniture, lights, coffee sets, paintings and other cubist decorations were available to answer the question of critical design.
Acceptance of Cubism
Cubism in architecture became revolutionary because it had no historical comparison. Like any other idea, Cubism faced the opposition of players who wanted a constant and structured change. Cubist architects supported their principles and created a design masterpiece that was eventually adopted over time. With the growth of architectural technology, Cubist buildings have become easy and cheap in the modern world.