What is Cetirizine?
The Cetirizine is employed to relieve – temporarily – the symptoms of the so-called hay fever , the set of symptoms associated with allergy to pollen, dust or other substances present in the air, and those associated with allergies to other allergens , such as animal dandruff, mold, dust mites, and cockroaches.
It can also be used to relieve both the itching and redness associated with urticaria .
What is Cetirizine used for?
Its action consists in blocking the activity of histamine, which is the substance that triggers the symptoms of allergies .
How is Cetirizine taken?
It is usually taken once a day orally , in the form of tablets, chewable tablets or syrup. Its active ingredient is also available in combination with pseudoephedrine.
Side effects of Cetirizine
Possible side effects include:
- stomach ache;
- discharge of diarrhea ;
- excessive tiredness ;
- dry jaws ;
It is important to seek medical attention immediately if you experience difficulty breathing or swallowing .
When taking the drug for the treatment of urticaria it is also important to seek medical help immediately even if the following disorders appear:
- dizziness ;
- loss of consciousness;
- difficulty speaking;
- swelling around the mouth area;
- swollen tongue;
- wheezing ;
- drool at the mouth;
Contraindications and warnings on the use of Cetirizine
Cetirizine can impair the ability to drive or maneuver dangerous machinery. In addition, alcohol can increase the drug-induced state of sleepiness.
The drug should not be administered for the treatment of hives associated with wounds or blisters , with an unusual color or that do not itch. In such cases, it is advisable to contact the doctor and report the symptoms associated with the problem, as it is recommended to contact the doctor if a urticaria treated with this active ingredient does not show improvement within the first 3 days of treatment or if it lasts for more than 6 weeks.
Before taking it, you should inform your doctor :
- about the presence of allergies to the active substance, hydroxyzine or any other drug;
- medicines, phytotherapy and supplements already taken in the past (remembering in particular to mention anticonvulsants, other medicines against colds or allergies, sedatives, sleeping drugs, theophylline, tranquilizers, antidepressants, anxiolytics and psychotropic drugs);
- if you suffer (or have suffered in the past) from kidney or liver disease;
- in the case of pregnant women or breastfeeding women.