The Bavarian or Austro-Bavarian is a large group of linguistic variations of High German . Although it belongs to High German as well as Standard German , it is not the same language. However, Austro-Bavarian and Standard German influenced each other and the vast majority of Austro-Bavarian speakers also speak Standard German. [ note 1 ]
The Austro-Bavarian dialectal form has its origins in the Germanic tribe of the Bavarians , who established a tribal Duchy that covered what today are Bavaria and parts of Austria , in the early Middle Ages , having been vassals of Charlemagne . However, little by little, these migrated westward along the Danube River and in the Alps to all areas where the Austro-Bavarian is now spoken. German linguists refer to this linguistic variant, the group of the three dialects of Upper East German, as simply “Bairisch” (Bavarian, without considering “Austro”). They are divided into “Oberpfälzisch” (Upper Palatinate, eg Bavarian North), “Donaubairisch” (Bavarian Danube eg..Bavarian Central) “Alpenbairisch” (Bavarian Alpine, eg Bavarian South).
Such areas were provinces of the Roman Empire and the languages spoken by their population were based on Latin . These local languages were replaced by Germanic dialects of the immigrants who were taking over the Bavarian region and expelling the former inhabitants. This development differs well what happened in Gaul and Hispania , where the Germanic languages of the invaders who conquered these areas after the Romans exerted little influence on the languages and dialects Romanesque of local populations.
In Germany , the very old word “Bairisch”, which refers to language, is quite different from the 19th century “Bayerisch”, which refers to the state of Bavaria . Because of King Louis I of Bavaria’s passions for everything he referred to in ancient Greece , the German word for Bavaria is written “Bayern”, with the Greek ‘y’. This reflects the growing influence of Bavaria, after the Vienna Congress , on culturally non-Bavarian areas , such as Swabia and Franconia , and attempts to integrate these areas into the new German Empire . The language, however, was like “Bairisch”,
Influence of Latin
Due to the influence of the Romanesque dialects of pre- German inhabitants , some influence of Latin can be seen in the lexicon and in the morphology . Examples of this influence are in the words like “Semmel” or “Semmi” coming from the Latin “seminar” (seed) and the toponyms Bregenz (“Brigantia”), Regensburg (“Castra Regina”), Passau (“Castra Batavia”), Wels (“Ovilava”), Linz (“Lentia”), Wien (“Vindobona”).
The international SIL code for the “Bavarian” language is BAR. The language also has its own ISO 639 code , being classified as a ” Gêrmanica (other)”, collective language code “gem”. Bavarian is a member of the High German family along with German German (which includes Swabian German and Swiss German ), while Standard German is part of the Middle German family , along with High Saxon , which is linguistically a dialect of Thuringia .