What is Autism?

Autism is a disorder of neurodevelopment caused by changes in the brain. Scientists do not know exactly what underlies these changes. Individuals with autism spectrum disorders are often very different, although communication and socialization difficulties are common to all.

Usually children with autism spectrum are not physically different from the majority, although they may behave, interact, talk, and learn differently from them. Speech, learning and thinking skills in people with autism spectrum can vary from conspicuous talents to severe disorders. Some people need help in their daily lives, some do not.

Signs of autism spectrum disorder are

most commonly seen in early childhood (in most cases between 18 and 36 months of age).
Children with autism spectrum disorders may:

  • Did not show interest in things and people around (eg, not paying attention to parents coming – to play, toys)
  • Did not pay attention when calling another person or pointing to something (e.g., not responding to a call, not following simple instructions)
  • Have difficulty interacting with peers, adults (e.g., crying or avoiding crying)
  • They avoided contact with the sun and preferred to be alone
  • Have difficulty understanding other people’s emotions or talking about their own emotions (e.g., they could not understand the positive or negative emotions of their mother)
  • They did not allow their parents, others to hug, hug, or respond only to their will
  • They did not pay attention to others (as if they did not understand) but responded to other voices
  • Have difficulty expressing your needs through typical words or movements (not indicating fear, thirst, squeeze or groan)
  • Did not speak or repeat other people’s phrases or words without expressing content
  • They did not play “like” toys (eg, “eat the doll”) and used to play with toys (eg, starting a car, spinning)
  • They were repeating and repeating the same behavior
  • Have trouble keeping up with the usual schedule changes (e.g., always asked the same way back home)
  • Have an unusual reaction to certain scents, flavors, touches and sounds (eg, eating only one type of food, changing only one texture, etc.)
  • Lose the skills they already had (e.g., stop saying the words they already used).

Autism treatment

There is no proven medication. It is important to evaluate as early as possible and start working with the child and family. The most effective method in the world today is using behavioral analysis based therapy (ABA). As a result of intensive therapeutic work up to the age of 3 years, most children with autism spectrum have significant developmental progress.

by Abdullah Sam
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