Aptitude simple means ability to learn. A broad term, with a wide variety of meanings, aptitude may be genetic or acquired or both. Because of the developmental nature of various acquired aptitudes, they may change radically from year to year. Aptitude may be general or specific, mental or physical, scholastic or vocational, and may or may not reflect intelligence or accurately predict future performance.
The most mentally retarded have aptitudes for learning some skills, and emotional factors may affect performances of students with high aptitudes. The correlation between aptitude and future performance usually depends on the amount and quality of subsequent training. Scholastic aptitude, which reflects a student’s general ability to perform in school, is made up of a wide variety of specific component aptitudes such as mathematical, verbal comprehension, verbal expression, language, abstract reasoning, scientific, artistic and musical.
6 Facts About Aptitude Test
aptitude testing is a variety of systems for evaluating an individual’s ability to learn. Unlike achievement tests, which are designed to measure a student’s accumulated knowledge, aptitude tests are designed to predict future performance by measuring what psychologists believe are intellectual constants that are akin to intelligence and remain unaffected by previous education.
Many schools routinely use standard intelligence tests, such as the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test or Wechsler Intelligence Scales, to measure scholastic aptitude. Although many such tests cor- relate well with future academic performance, some educators argue that they may measure nothing more than a student’s accumulated knowledge and level of mental and physical development.
Despite denials from test designers, special tutoring has produced statistically significant improvements in test scores of some students. Nevertheless, all schools rely heavily on the results of aptitude tests — public schools to place students in an appropriate track or ability group, and private schools and colleges to determine which applicants to admit.
Aptitude Tests Types
Test designers classify aptitude tests into three types: general, specific and special. The first type includes the standard intelligence tests mentioned above, along with the widely used Secondary School Admission Test, the Scholastic Assessment Test and the Act Assessment Program.
Preschoolers and students in the early elementary school years are generally tested for so-called learning readiness with tests for memory, verbal skills, reasoning and logic. Tests for specific aptitudes of older students attempt to measure such components of general scholastic aptitude as verbal aptitude (spelling, syntax and grammar), writing aptitude (speed and accuracy), numerical aptitude, practical and mechanical reasoning, abstract reasoning, spatial relations and logic.
Special aptitude tests are performance-oriented and measure such physical and vocational aptitudes vision, hearing, manual dexterity, mechanical aptitude, clerical (writing) aptitude, musical aptitude, artistic aptitude and creativity.Standard aptitude tests, however, can be notoriously unfair to students and individuals from different cultures and subcultures, including a large proportion of deprived Americans from minority groups with inadequate vocabularies and test-taking skills.