Android is the name of the Linux-based operating system that operates on mobile phones (smartphones) , netbooks and tablets . It is developed by the Open Handset Alliance, an alliance between several companies, including Google.
The operation of Android is identical to other operating systems (such as Windows, Mac OS, Ubuntu, among others), whose function is to manage all the processes of applications and hardware on a computer so that they work perfectly.
The difference is that Android was driven by Google to operate on its own mobile devices and, thus, enter into competition with other dominant operating systems such as Symbian (Nokia devices), iOS (Apple devices, like iPhone) and Blackberry OS .
One of the main advantages of the Android system is the integration of Google services from a Google account that the user already has. Another big advantage is Android Market, the official app store, which offers a plethora of free apps.
The first cell phone to run the Android system was the T-Mobile G1 (HTC Dream), manufactured by Google, together with HTC, in 2008.
In 2010, the company Google, in partnership with Samsung, launched the Nexus series, with the models Nexus One, Nexus S and Galaxy Nexus.
What is Android for mobile?
Android everywhere. Everyone talks about Android when we’re talking about phones and tablets. After all, after so much talk, what is Android? What is it for? Let’s understand a little more about that below.
What is Android?
Android is beyond an operating system. It is a programming language created by Google, and can be applied to any type of equipment, from televisions to cell phones, refrigerators and many other devices. There is no electronic one where Android cannot be applied.
But what about the Android operating system?
Many people wonder what Android is on cell phones and if you are one of those who have been searching for smartphones, the expression “Android operating system” undoubtedly appears in your search results several times. The Android you see on electronic devices is the graphical interface of the device’s gross programming. For the older ones, who used MS DOS or use the Windows command prompt, there is a certain idea of what Android would be like without its graphical interface. for the youngest, just imagine that without the graphical interface, the screen of your electronic device would be a lot of commands or even worse, a lot of zeros (0) and “ums” (1) of the electronics binary code.
In short, Android is then responsible for translating the commands you give your electronic device into a language that the hardware (the parts and components of your device) understand. For your smartphone to understand that a slide of the finger on the screen to the side means changing applications, the programmer had to put his gesture in the “translator” (the programming lines) and for the computer, he “translated” what the gesture meant (what he had to do).
Making your electronics smarter
Games, surfing the net, sending and receiving e-mails, taking pictures. Your Android phone can do all that and more. There are many applications that you can even use on your computer and share data with Android, such as the Chrome browser and the Evernote quick notes application. Everything is possible with the programming language and is only limited by the device itself and by the programmer who gives it its functions.
With each new “version” of Android, more functions are added. Usually, these functions are in the Android interface and not directly in the programming language, which is when new functions are added to the programming language. But with each iteration, the language also receives increments and evolves. Languages that do not evolve over time, as was the case with Nokia’s famous Symbian, tend to die and be forgotten because they have few useful features, or are too slow compared to competitors.
Android One | What it is, how it works and what are its advantages
Being one of the most famous mobile operating systems on the market, Android, developed by Google, has become a little confused over the past few years. In order to please the most different audiences, Gigante das Buscas began to fragment the OS into different versions and programs, thus creating Android One – a name that, although many have already read here or there, still causes strangeness in part of Internet users with little in-depth knowledge of the mobile technology sector.
First of all, we must make it very clear that Android One is not an operating system different from normal Android, but a partnership program created by Google in 2014. At the time, the company’s original goal was to sign an agreement with different manufacturers smartphones to create a line of modest, inexpensive phones with acceptable performance. The idea was mainly to reach emerging markets (in which “luxury” devices do not have a good outlet).
However, as time went by, the meaning of Android One ended up changing. Nowadays, it is synonymous with a line of cell phones (both entry-level and top-of-the-line) equipped with a 100% pure version of the operating system, without third-party applications, customized interfaces or other personalizations of dubious taste. Gadgets with the Android One badge have only Android with basic Google apps and nothing else.
Android One has no bloatwares (Image: Google)
What are the advantages?
If you have used several smartphones from different brands, you certainly know that even if they are all equipped with the same version of Android, the usage experience will be different. Sony , LG , Samsung and other giants love to modify the OS with their own themes, icons, animations and other graphic increments, in addition to pre-installing applications that cannot be removed.
You may not even know it, but these customizations don’t just have a visual impact: they can also degrade the phone’s performance, as they add more weight to the original OS interface. To have a more fluid and clean experience, without so much bloatware, advanced users often install customized ROMs on their devices – a complicated task for those who are new to the subject.
Nokia 8 Sirocco, example of an Android One device (Image: HMD Global)
Android One is there to solve this problem. When purchasing a gadget with such a seal, you are absolutely sure that you will find a pure and original Android, equipped only with apps that are critical for its operation (Chrome, Gmail, YouTube, etc.). As much as there may be differences of opinion regarding its beauty, no one can deny that pure Android (sometimes called Android stock) is the most stable of all.
Another advantage of Android One is the fact that, when you buy any device from the program, you can sleep peacefully knowing that you will have quick updates for future versions of the OS during the minimum period of two years. Without having to depend on the manufacturers’ customizations, these devices receive updates as soon as they are released by Google.
Android One devices
Unfortunately, as much as we are talking about a four-year-old program, the list of devices participating in Android One is still small. The market has only 12 devices with this seal: GM5, GM5 Plus, GM6 (General Mobile), S1, S2, X1 (Y! Mobile), Mi A1 ( Xiaomi ), Moto X4 Android One Edition ( Motorola ), U11 Life (HTC), Nokia 6, Nokia 7 Plus and Nokia 8 Sirocco (HMD Global).
Android One program seal (Image: The Verge)
None of these models has official resale in Brazil, so it is necessary to import them independently or appeal to the alternative market. The Mi A1 , for example, can be found on the internet for values ranging from R $ 999 to R $ 1,200. This is the same price range as the Nokia 6 in the 32 GB version; in our searches, we found the 64 GB edition for up to R $ 2,300.
Android One and Android Go: what’s the difference?
Remember that we said that Android One was born as a program dedicated especially to low-cost devices? Well, since it evolved into a campaign that also houses top-of-the-line devices, Google has been forced to start a new project focused on entry-level phones. And so came Android Go , which is a simplified and much lighter edition of Android 8.1 Oreo.
It is the same Android that we all know, but inside, it was modified by Google itself to spend less hardware resources, working perfectly even on phones with less than 1 GB of RAM (some models have only 512 MB!). The OS also comes with modified versions of essential apps (YouTube Go, Assistant Go, Maps Go, Gboard Go, Gmail Go etc.).
As it is a relatively new version of the operating system, we still do not have any devices equipped with Android Go being sold on the market. HMD Global introduced the Nokia 1 , ZTE promised Tempo Go and Alcatel will soon launch the 1X – however, none of them will be officially sold in Brazil, which will force interested customers to import them on their own.