‘ Urology is a surgical branch of medicine that deals with the health of the male and female urinary tract and the male reproductive organs.
What does the urologist do?
The urologist is a doctor specialized in diagnosing and treating problems that involve the urinary tract, both male and female, and male reproductive organs.
What are the diseases most often treated by the urologist?
The problems most often faced by the urologist are:
- urethral diverticula
- stress urinary incontinence
- male infertility
- urinary tract infections
- benign prostatic hyperplasia
- adrenal gland diseases
- congenital malformations of the genitourinary tract
- advanced kidney disease requiring dialysis or transplantation
- trauma to the parenting ways
- genitourinary tract tumors
- obstructive uropathies
What are the procedures most used by the urologist?
Among the procedures most used by the urologist are:
- transrectal prostate needle biopsy
- renal cryablation
- rectal exploration
- reconstructive surgery
- robotic prostatectomy
- multiparametric prostatic magnetic resonance
- PSA test
- rigid and flexible ureteroscopy
- urine culture
When to ask for an appointment with the urologist?
To prevent disorders of the genital organs and protect sexuality, a visit to the urologist should be made during puberty, and once every 1 or 3 years from the age of 40. In fact, it is not necessary to experience symptoms to go to a urologist. In any case, even men under the age of 40 can contact the urologist when they experience itching, redness, find the presence of spots on the genitals or other symptoms that could signal the presence of problems affecting the genital system.
Recurring urinary tract infections, whether occurring in men or women, should prompt you to contact the urologist immediately. These infections can either be recurrent, meaning that they occur more than 3 times a year, or they can last up to 24-48 hours after taking antibiotics. In any case, in case of constant pain in the bladder, burning and need to urinate often without the symptoms of cystitis, you must always go to a urologist.