Special Weapons And Tactics (SWAT)
The Special Weapons And Tactics (SWAT) is a police unit in the United States that uses specialized military weapons and tactics to deal with risk and emergency situations. The SWAT team is specially trained and well equipped. The unit was created primarily to deal promptly with bank robberies and to intercept the activities of heavily armed criminals, terrorists, high-risk scenarios and crowd control, while reducing the number of police victims.
Origin and development
SWAT was developed in 1960 by the Los Angeles Police Department after seeing Delano’s California SWAT unit that responded to the riots through the use of crowd control, surveillance and sniper skills. The LAPD formed its first SWAT unit of 60 members who acted as security units during civil incursions and had to attend regular monthly training courses. The LAPD SWAP unit had its first important mission in December 1969 during a clash with the Black Panthers. Other police departments in the country have formed their own SWAT unit under special names. Some of the activities of the SWAT teams involved in the 20th century include the War on Drugs, the Watts uprisings, the war with the
Organization of the SWAT team
Most SWAT teams in the United States are extracted from existing law enforcement personnel, after which they receive emergency training. The group consists of a foreman and an assistant, select shooters, grenadiers, negotiators, entry personnel and observer teams.
Training and weapons used by SWAT
SWAT team training is a permanent experience as troops must continue to develop better tactics and sharpen their minds to develop rapid decision-making and analysis skills. SWAT uses some highly specialized weapons whose selection depends on the situation they are facing. These weapons range from lethal to nonlethal including noise guns, assault rifle rifles, machine gunners, semi-automatic guns, sniper rifles and stun grenades. They also use tactical aids such as stingers, tear gas, flash bursts, rams, knee pads, gloves, double-rope harnesses, their weapons are equipped with front handles, laser and optical pointers.
SWAT units within the United States
Some of the federal agencies with SWAT teams include the US Department of Energy (Special Response Teams and Special Response Force), the United States Department of National Security (BORSTAR), the federal province’s special response team, the maritime security and security response team, the United States Emergency Secret Team service and Counter Assault Team, Hostage Rescue team, FBI regional SWAT teams and US Park Police SWAT unit.
SWAT In the 21st Century
SWAT has retained many of its functions and has undergone various developments due to technological advances in military equipment and communications that have led to the success of their operations. The unit today deals mainly with terrorist activities that plagued the 21st century, including the September 11 attacks in the United States. Due to the rapid formation of SWAT units over the years, there are questions about the effectiveness of these teams, particularly in California, which led to the establishment of standardized requirements and regulations for SAWT officers, staff training, l organization and implementation of SWAT teams.