What is meteorology?
Atmospheric science is known as meteorology. It is coined by the Greek word “Meteoron” which translates into something that happens in the sky. The meteorologists of ancient Greece studied the behavior of winds, clouds and rain and tried to understand how these meteorological phenomena were related to each other. The weather was important for the Greeks for sailors sailing to the sea and for agriculture. Today, climate change affects not only the basic lifestyle, but also the movement of planes, agriculture, communication and many other aspects of humanity.
Who is a meteorologist?
According to the American Meteorological Society, a meteorologist is a person who has received specialized education and applies scientific principles to observe, understand or predict atmospheric changes and how they affect life on earth. Many meteorologists show interest in mathematics, chemistry and physics, although people with degrees in other fields can also join the field. The term “atmospheric science” describes the involvement of meteorology and other physical sciences in the study of the atmosphere.
What do meteorologists do?
Meteorologists study changes in weather conditions and predict climate and climate in relation to environmental processes and how they can have an impact on people and the economy. Meteorologists can predict the weather, teach and even offer support services to organizations like the military. The main functions of meteorologists are weather forecasts and warnings, atmospheric research and transmission meteorology.
Weather forecasts and warnings
Weather forecasting has always been the main function of meteorologists and several people are attracted to the profession by the challenge of predicting an event and seeing people respond to forecasts. There are around 10,000 surface weather stations around the world. About weather balloons 500 are also released to record measurements of the upper part of the air. Other data collection tools include aircraft, radar and satellites. The aviation industry relies on weather forecasts to map traffic routes for aircraft, builders and sports organizers also use weather forecasts to plan the best day to complete the activities.
Meteorologists also try to understand the atmosphere, how it works and its impact on human and living organisms. Currently, atmospheric scientists are trying to determine the threat of ozone layer degradation that causes global warming and the way in which an increase in temperature affects humans. Meteorologists are working closely with physical scientists, mathematicians, chemists, oceanographers and other researchers in other fields to determine the impact of global warming in their respective fields. In addition to computer scientists, meteorologists develop computer models and simulate the effects of different climatic and climatic conditions.
A lot of people know meteorologists and people who present weather and weather on radio, television and write newspaper articles. They are known as broadcast meteorologists and their responsibility is to collect data from reliable sources and present them to the viewer in a way they understand. To gather and present data, the speaker requires a strong background in meteorology and computer skills and good communication skills. Broadcasting meteorologists are very influential in society and most people plan their day based on weather forecasts broadcast by radio or television.