What Are the Major Cities Located on the River Ganga?

The River Ganga is not only a sacred river in India but also holds great importance economically and culturally. With a length of 2,525 kilometers, it is considered one of the longest rivers in the world. Throughout its course, the Ganga flows through several major cities, each contributing to the rich heritage and significance of this mighty river.

What Are the Major Cities Located on the River Ganga?

1. Varanasi

Located on the banks of the Ganga in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh, Varanasi is one of the holiest cities in India. Also known as Banaras or Kashi, it is believed to be one of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world. Varanasi is renowned for its religious significance, ancient temples, and vibrant spiritual practices. Pilgrims from all over the country come to Varanasi to take a dip in the holy river and seek blessings.

2. Patna

The capital city of Bihar, Patna, is another major city located on the banks of the River Ganga. With a rich historical background, Patna is home to several ancient monuments and archaeological sites. It has witnessed the rise and fall of several empires, including the Mauryan and Gupta dynasties. The city is an important center for trade and commerce in eastern India.

3. Kanpur

In the state of Uttar Pradesh, Kanpur is an industrial city situated on the banks of the Ganga. It is often referred to as the “Manchester of the East” due to its thriving textile and leather industries. Kanpur is also known for its educational institutions and research centers, making it an important educational hub in the region.

4. Allahabad

Allahabad, officially known as Prayagraj, is a significant city located at the confluence of the Ganga, Yamuna, and the mythical Saraswati rivers. It is famous for hosting the Kumbh Mela, the largest religious gathering in the world. Devotees from different walks of life visit Allahabad to take part in the auspicious festival. The city is also home to many educational institutions and historical monuments.

5. Kolkata

Situated in West Bengal, Kolkata is the largest city located on the banks of the River Ganga. It is the cultural capital of India and renowned for its literary, artistic, and intellectual heritage. Formerly known as Calcutta, the city has a rich colonial history and boasts iconic landmarks such as the Victoria Memorial and Howrah Bridge. Kolkata is a thriving metropolis and a major economic center in eastern India.


The River Ganga holds immense importance in the lives of millions of people in India. From ancient religious rituals to modern industrial development, the major cities located along its banks have played a significant role in shaping the country’s cultural, historical, and economic landscape. Varanasi, Patna, Kanpur, Allahabad, and Kolkata are just a few examples of the vibrant cities that owe their existence and prosperity to the mighty River Ganga. Exploring these cities allows visitors to experience the rich tapestry the river has weaved throughout history.

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