Velvet . It is a type of terry cloth in which the threads are distributed very evenly, with a short and dense pile , giving it a soft sensation so well known to all. This can be made from any fiber, it is woven on a special loom, which spins two pieces of velvet at the same time.


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  • 1 History
  • 2 Disadvantages
  • 3 Cut
  • 4 Conservation of garments
  • 5 Sources


This fabric has its origins in the Far East , the oldest references appear around the beginning of the 14th century .

It is the soft depth of color that this fabric has, and that made it perfect to wear in the official costumes and luxurious pendants of medieval times. One of the most sumptuous fabrics at this time was Italian velvet. They had different ornamentation, with techniques such as varying the color of the thread, and producing the thread of various lengths, for example the double thread, or interweaving it with wool , with uncut thread, with a base of golden fabric .

As for artistic velvet fabric, it had its earliest origins in Florence , Venice , Genoa , and more in the latter in which true works of art were produced in terms of making velvet fabrics.

This art was adopted much later by Spanish weavers, and in the 16th century , they achieved a reputation for velvet not less than that of the great Italian cities. In its beginnings, velvet was a very expensive fabric, and it was considered one of the great luxury goods like silk . The corduroy was considered the velvet of the poor man , the first time it was produced, according to the most famous tailors.


You could mention the only one that has, which is difficult to clean, but it is only dry, since if we put a garment of velvet fabric in the washing machine , it would be ruined.


And if you run your hand lightly through the fabric, it is evident that the velvet hair is tilted to one side, and if you go through the other, you will see that the fabric offers a slight resistance, then the correct direction is easy to find out by gently touching the fabric in the direction of the thread from top to bottom and it should be smooth.

This difference in textures would not have much importance if it were not for the brightness that determines the direction of the velvet. If they were placed, two pieces of the same velvet fabric together, but one of them with the hair in the correct direction and the other piece in the opposite direction, it would be seen that it is completely different, since when one shines, the other does not it does. So, to avoid confusion, when cutting the fabric to make a garment, it is advisable to paint some arrows with soap or chalk on the wrong side of the fabric, in the direction of the hair. So when you have to cut the pieces to make a suit , or pants, you can know which direction the hair runs.

Conservation of garments

The labels that the garments bring are to take them into account, how to wash them, how to iron them, whether they are washed with cold or hot water, whether or not they can be ironed, etc. Velvet fabric garments can be washed, only if it is one of synthetic fibers, or cotton fibers , but with the short cycles of the washing machines and without spinning, the fabric may lose that characteristic that makes it look so soft to the touch , also as long as liquid soaps are used and not of the powder type .

Velvet should not be exposed to the sun , and at very extreme heat temperatures , they would lose their shine, they cannot be squeezed to remove excess water during washing, the fabric loses texture. If you want to have a velvet fabric, neatly ironed, it can be done, but only the other way around. Other things that can be done is that when we shower and the characteristic steam from the bathroom comes out of the shower , the velvet can be exposed to that steam, thus enhancing the fabric and its soft appearance.


by Abdullah Sam
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