It is likely that you have heard about tendonitis or even been diagnosed with this disease, especially if you have the habit of performing repetitive movements at work, in sports or at home.
To understand what tendonitis is, we need to know, first, what a tendon is. This part of our body is a structure that is made up of resistant fibers, collagen, connective tissue and ligaments that connect muscle to bone. They are responsible for securely attaching the entire structure of bones located in foldable regions.
The suffix “ite” refers to the presence of inflammation in any structure of the body, with tendonitis being an inflammation in the tendon, which causes pain, swelling and swelling, occurring in any region of the body, mainly in the wrist, knee, elbow, shoulder and ankle.
After explaining what tendonitis is and what impacts it has on the body, we have prepared a guide on tendonitis, with the most important information about the problem. We will then detail your symptoms, diagnosis, causes and treatment in topics. Finally, we will show the importance of consultation with the appropriate professional for the treatment of tendonitis. Keep reading to learn more!
Symptoms of tendonitis
Symptoms associated with tendon inflammation can be quite uncomfortable, but are easily recognized.
The region affected by the inflammation becomes painful and, especially when a movement is performed, this pain usually spreads to the affected limb in question.
Tendonitis causes mild swelling, however, if it is greater, it may be that there has been some damage to the muscular structures of the limb region.
Like swelling, redness can also be mild. This symptom is common and can make the affected area red and hot. If it is too strong, medical care should be immediate.
As an immune reaction, the inflammation is accompanied by heat in the affected tissue. This helps to eliminate bacteria that do not survive at high temperatures.
One of the main symptoms can be considered, since the tendon is responsible for movement as a structure. When it ignites, this function tends to be difficult or impossible to perform. Therefore, when you have tendonitis in some part of the body, there is difficulty in raising the limb, as well as feeling weakness in the region.
Causes of tendonitis
Caused by countless situations, tendonitis can present itself by repetitive or exaggerated effort, inadequate postures, infections, traumas that affect the structure of the tendons.
Below, we will explain some of the main causes of tendonitis mentioned above.
Repetitive or exaggerated effort
One of the main causes of tendonitis is repetitive strain, as forcing the tendons repeatedly for months can cause damage and lead to inflammation. Repetitive effort can lead to RSI, associated with work in which the use of the computer is frequent, since the tendons – of the fingers and wrists, mainly – are affected by the repeated position and movement.
Excessive effort also causes tendon inflammation. To avoid this, care is needed when running, jumping, lifting weights, as these exercises can cause problems if they strain the tendons.
Some bad postures force the tendons of the back, as any position that is not natural to the body can cause tendonitis.
They can cause more intense inflammation, such as infections caused by bacteria. Depending on their resistance, the inflammation can be severe, causing many problems.
The impacts can hurt the bones, muscles and inflammation in the tendons. However, during recovery, inflammations tend to develop.
Diagnosis of tendonitis
The diagnosis is made by a general practitioner, orthopedist or physiotherapist. Ultrasound, x-ray or magnetic resonance imaging can be done . However, physical examination remains the primary diagnostic tool for tendonitis.
Types of tendonitis
Tendonitis can be divided into four types, which may vary according to the region of the tendon that is affected: enthesitis, which affects the centrality of the tendon; tenosynovitis, which is an inflammation in the tendon sheath; peritendinitis, inflammation in the region of the muscle connection; Ossifying tendinitis, when calcium crystals solidify within the tendon.
However, there are quite common variations within tendonitis, popularly known as tendinitis in the foot and hand, knee, hip, shoulder, feet and achilles heel.
Given this variety, what would be the appropriate treatments for tendonitis?
Treatment for tendonitis
Rest remains the most appropriate treatment for improvement. Inflammation can stem from an effort to move, as well as an effort by the immune system to fight and eliminate infections. So it is important to give the body time.
An alternative is to avoid, as much as possible, the use of the affected tendon, with an average of 3 to 5 days of rest, and rest is necessary for an effective recovery. Take teas, such as ginger and fennel, which help reduce inflammation. Prevention is important so that the situation does not return, stretching the body before activities, not carrying excess weight, strengthening your muscles, tendons and bones.
The use of anti-inflammatory drugs can be a good alternative when prescribed by a doctor. Ice packs help to reduce pain and swelling. Surgery may be a choice for severe tendonitis. And, finally, physiotherapy helps prevent, move joints and stop inflammation.
Importance of consultation with the appropriate professional for the treatment of tendonitis
Only a medical professional, orthopedist or physiotherapist can give the complete diagnosis and appropriate treatment to the patient with tendonitis. Therefore, it is important that the patient does not self-medicate or self-diagnose. In consultation with the doctor, all symptoms should be reported and all questions that the doctor asks answered properly.
The treatment for tendonitis is quiet, and rest is essential in this process. It’s time to pair up a little bit with the activities and take care of yourself!