Lately, sustainability has been explored in everything, and the world has become the subject of a new debate. With the rapid growth of urbanization, the issue of maintaining sustainable forestry activities has emerged where gardeners are one of the pioneers. Therefore, it is much more important to seek expert advice in the case of hydroponics systems.
A hydroponic system is a method of growing plants in the absence of soil. This type of garden is considered a sustainable agricultural activity because it increases your chances of producing safe food for yourself even after living in a narrow area of the building due to urbanization.
In this article, we experienced some of the views from baganidera haidroponiksa haidropanika system to begin our 7 things you need to know it’s what I have tried to highlight from their insights.
Here are 5 things to know about starting a hydroponic system
With hydroponics, the plant grows rapidly as it is a viable scientific method for growing vegetables quickly. For example, most experts agree that plants grow at least 20 percent faster with hydroponics than soil.
Researchers have provided many theories as to why hydroponics is producing more; Experts also agree that you can expect at least 20 to 25 percent higher yields than those grown on the ground.
Hydroponics = Zero soil
With hydroponics, you can grow vegetables without any soil. It does not produce any weeds. Since you are not using the soil in a hydroponics manner, you will also be free from many soil-borne pests and diseases, which can usually reduce your yield. You also do not need additional pesticides for your cultivation.
Generally, plants have to spread their roots in the soil to get the necessary nutrients, thus allowing the seed to be sown or transplanted at a certain distance in the field. In Hydroponics, plants do not need to spread roots to collect the nutrients they need, you can consolidate and cultivate plants that will save a lot of your space. Hydroponic systems allow you to cultivate multiple crops in one place, which can be connected to different water tanks through a drop feeder.
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Water is affordable
Since hydroponics are used in enclosed chambers (to prevent evaporation) and there is no leakage from the bottom (since this is a covered system). Hydroponics plants receive the required amount of water at any time, and the rest is kept there for later use. In a nutshell, the hydroponics method can save about 5 percent of the water. Water changes once a week.
This system ensures the controlled use of pH, oxygen levels and nutrients in our plants. The essential nutrients of the plant are supplied directly to the root of the plant which enables it to control everything in the plant
The pace of growth is twofold
Because under this system you can give the plants the necessary amount of nutrients and oxygen, it increases the plant’s growth rate twice as fast as the plants grown on the soil.
The 5 things you need to know before starting a hydroponic system
Interest and effort
It is very important to have an interest in learning and developing the hydroponic method. You need both patience and perseverance. Be careful and diligent. The plants speak silently. They need to know how to read.
Knowledge about equipment
Must have the right equipment. You need to buy a TDS TDS (Total Dissolvable Salts) or EC (Electrical Conductivity) meter to monitor the nutrient levels in your solution. Use a pH meter to know the pH of a plant’s nutrient in water solution.
Understand your own needs
Cultivate plants that match your growing conditions. For example, basil and mint need lots of sunshine. Lettuce and herbal plants require some sunshine. However, it is also necessary to stay in the shade during the hottest days.
Experiment has to run
Any plant grows rapidly in the hydroponic system. You may be surprised to see how they increase water intake. If your system is set up outside, be aware that light air in the summer can also increase your tree’s water use significantly.
Knowledge about hydroponic
How you do the plants depends on how you do it. Nutritional levels, water pH, lighting requirements, and different types of behavior in different plants, all of this you need to know. You need to know a lot to do this, as it will be a great experience for you. Their quality and taste are all in your hands!
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What do you want to grow?
For short-term plants or small root systems (eg, lettuce), use NFT.
Use a growing medium (eg, cockpit) system for long-term crops (such as tomatoes).
Light, air and temperature
For vegetables, select a location that has 3-5 hours of sunlight; Not in the shadows, and the wind is less.
The optimum temperature for hydroponic growth is 8-20 degrees Celsius.
Use the LED lamp
It is important to have a good quality indoor lighting system that can be adjusted to light as your herbs grow. The lights should be placed six to twelve inches above your tree. Hydroponic systems can be started with herbal plants at any time of the year.
Check the water and use it, especially if you use a large tank or chawbacca for a water source. There may be something that is harmful to the plant. If given to the plant by balancing the nutrients with water, the normality will increase.
- A) Active system – Pump and power connection, for example, nutrient medium, deep tube well medium Ebb and flow and dripper / sprinkler system
- B) Passive system – There is no electricity, but depends on the supply of nutrients in the capillary system.
How much time are you giving
Active systems usually require more attention than passive systems, so the amount of time you have to maintain your hydroponic system is important.