The Seven Elements of Art

The elements of art are those elements that resemble atoms in the human body, so both of them complement the other, and therefore they work with the construction work to create something, so they cannot be completed while there is a deficiency in one of the elements, for example when you see in the chemical world atoms combine and form things In many cases, we combine something with something else until we get a third, different thing, and this is the case in hydrogen atoms, for example, they remain the same as hydrogen, but when they combine with oxygen their functional path becomes different, so water consists of the union of a group Of the atoms, and therefore the seven elements of art or the seven arts are similar to those elements in their union.

An overview of the seven elements of art

These elements are the basic building blocks of art, consisting of line, shape, space, texture, shape, value, and color, and both technicians and specialists manipulate these seven elements and work to mix them together in different design principles, until they compose a piece of art, and therefore every artwork must That it contains one of these elements and may consist of all of them, which are important elements of the basic principles of theater .

For example, we find in the form of assumption of the sculptor and what he does of distinguished work, he always has the shape and space in the sculpture, those elements are what make him come out with his work to the fullest, and we cannot imagine art without a line, and therefore it is a must In order to understand the depiction of symbols and objects and the identification of shapes [1]

The Seven Elements of Art


It is a group of signs that extend between two points, and these signs may be straight or curved, and they are also displayed in visual art, meaning that they do not need actual lines, but through which we can make charts and signs, and they may be abstract and may be implicit. It is two-dimensional and may also be three-dimensional.

But we should not deny that these lines have a great impact on the various elements of art, and they can be used in order to create the shape, and therefore both of these elements are used to complement each other, and they also contribute to giving a sense of structure and depth, in addition to the fact that lines are what they are. It is only a basis for drawing, and it is one of the powerful tools that is actually used, and this leads to the necessity of using various types of lines, including continuous, broken, vertical, rough and horizontal types.

the color

The work must be done through the color through the gradient, where the gradient is between the value of the color and its intensity, which are three units to build those colors, and it is also possible for the technicians to achieve the highest amount of benefit from the feelings and colors, and there is nothing that can cause a change in the effect Emotional work other than color, so we find many artists and specialists have played with color, and the goal of this matter is the need to create a symbolic pattern or shape, in addition to setting a specific mood that contributes to a deep understanding of colors.


The figure appears as a result of closed lines, but we find many two-dimensional shapes, in addition to flat shapes that only have a height and width, and there are also many geometric shapes, including circles and squares, in addition to precise mathematical shapes that take many signals from nature, as well as It tends to be curved and abstract, and it is possible to benefit as much as possible from the art of collage, which is the art of Henri Matisse, as he displayed organic shapes, in contrast to Piet Mondrian, who relied entirely on geometric shapes in the design of his paintings, and thus we can do Using shapes in order to control board and composition.

the shape

In many cases, the shape may acquire a state of depth, and it may become three-dimensional, and thus this shape takes the form of cylinders, pyramids, or spherical shapes, which are among the most common shapes, and in spite of that these shapes may be crystallized, as well as by looking In architecture, we find that it was Ferand Lloyd Wright and Zaha Hadid who clearly studied the form in specialized ways in their designs.

the value

The value is clearly related to the color, as the value is represented in its lightness and darkness, the lighter value is always white, and the darkest value is black, and therefore the difference between them must be determined as an aspect of the contrast, but it should be noted that the value should not be played with In order to change the shapes only, but that the value has a great and clear effect on the mood of the artwork, which is one of the important and basic elements of the Italians, and they invented the term using light and darkness in the piece of art, and the Baroque painter Carvaggio excelled in the use of oil paintings, in addition to Photographer Ansel Adams who has successfully used value to display areas of excitement and contrast in landscape drawings.


Of course, you can manipulate the element of space in a large way, through what the artist wants, there are those who want to put shapes and lines, and there are those who combine color with shapes or with lines, so manipulation in this case has a role in creating a space that may be positive and may be Negative, the positive space or the positive space is what allows the existence of a space occupied by an object or form, while the negative represents a space that extends inside the objects, and most of the time artists may think in the foreground and in the background of their work, and therefore they must rely on lines and colors.


The element of texture is also one of the important artistic elements that cannot be dispensed with, and it can be defined as a real fabric that contributes to expressing everything we feel, and it was expressed by the Icelandic artist Hravenhildor Arnardottir, who invented the compositional art by using artificial poetry, and was also able to To display the visual fabric that is always two-dimensional, and it may be smooth, rough, soft, furry, solid or thin, and there may be different combinations that contribute to provoking different responses.

For example, the artist may be searching for a realistic outcome through which he wants to embody reality and thus play in the fabric in order to create an ideal experience that suits those scenes.

We must emphasize that the elements of art are of great importance for many reasons, the most important of which is that it enables the individual to identify what the artist describes as a clear picture, in addition to the possibility of analyzing what is going on in a piece of art, and through it also we can communicate ideas between the artist and art lovers from During the use of one of the common languages ​​between them, which is of great importance for the Seven Elements of Art. 

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