Technological chemistry , a discipline that is responsible for the study of problems related to processes in the food, pharmaceutical, cosmetic, chemical, paint, mining , pigment , petrochemical , etc. industries .
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At present the development of chemical technology has reached its highest level, and attention has been focused on the discovery of the general laws of control of stoichiometric reactions in industrial production. In this regard, remarkable progress has been made, but there are still many things to discover and too much research to continue. The high rate of development of the chemical industry today is explained by the fact that the resolution of new technological problems is increasingly based on the general laws of chemical technology.
Mexico has a great variety of renewable and non-renewable natural resources, and for its exploitation it requires foreign technology, which to a certain extent reduces its benefits, so for better use, better national technologies must be sought or adapted, which they must be in accordance with our needs and be generated by scientific research by Mexicans to achieve a better development of the country and with philosophical thought.
Science and Technology
It is necessary, then, to understand science not only as a finished result but as a process that is renewed and expanded by the activity of individuals who organize themselves in scientific communities, in permanent interaction with the economic, political and ethical coordinates of their own sociohistorical scenario. .
The most important moments of expansion of chemical knowledge are those that emerge from profound crises in the field of ideas and that constitute true scientific revolutions.
Many authors highlight the centrality of chemistry in the development of scientific knowledge. In its construction process an interaction arises with other areas of the natural and exact sciences that give rise to the appearance of the fields of physical-chemistry, biochemistry, molecular biology, genetic engineering and more recently environmental chemistry.
The advancement of chemistry has produced a notable impact on five crucial areas for contemporary society: energy, food production, health, transportation, and communications. Progress in this science has served to begin to provide solutions to the problems of environmental pollution, one of the greatest challenges facing humanity. During the 20th century chemistry has had an extraordinary development. However, this development has not always been accompanied by the same advancement in the teaching of chemistry, nor has new knowledge been incorporated into the secondary chemistry curriculum with the intensity that would have been desirable. The knowledge society is a changing society in which information expands and circulates around the world rapidly; Schools are not immune to these constant changes and therefore teachers must develop capacities to meet new demands and problems. Teaching in twentieth-century society is about learning that takes into account cognitive processes, a changing repertoire, and supervision of teaching practices.
Interactive science museums began to emerge in the 20th century , and from that moment on, science education ceased to be the exclusive heritage of the school . The purpose of these museums is to awaken interest in science in the younger generations, and in turn are engines of renewal in scientific teaching in schools, as they promote new practices and different lines of reflection.
What is science?
In science books, we find scientific knowledge, but it is a mistake to believe that science is only what such books say or what teachers teach us. Science is the set of knowledge obtained through observation and reasoning, systematically structured and from which general principles and laws are deduced. Science is an activity, a “doing things”. All acquired scientific knowledge generates new questions, new problems and new challenges.
What is technology?
It is the application of scientific knowledge in a practical way about nature, transforming it and serving the satisfaction of human needs, through certain scientific procedures: techniques.
Current techniques are based on highly advanced and complex scientific knowledge, constituting powerful resources to dominate the environment where man lives. We live in a high technological development, which is even capable of producing the destruction of the human species, through nuclear weapons , chemical weapons , environmental contamination , etc.