The term Cancer encompasses a group of diseases in which abnormal cells divide without cause and control, in the process of invasion and damage to other tissues. There are different types of cancer that can occur, and most are named according to the location they affect, however, bone cancers are generally collectively known as sarcomas.. Cancer that begins in the bone, is known as the primary bone cancer, compared to cancer that spreads to the bone, it originates elsewhere. Usually, this type of cancer is less common than cancer that spreads to the bone from another part of the body, which is known as secondary or metastatic bone cancer. Generally, there are three types of bone cancer, the first, and osteosarcoma affects the osteoid tissue, the hard part of the bone, and is most commonly seen in the bones of the upper arm and knee. The second, c ondrosarcoma It begins in the cartilaginous tissue, which lines the ends of the bones and the pads joints. It is observed most often that affects the pelvis, thigh and shoulder. The third is Ewing’s arcoma, which usually affects the bones, but can also infect the surrounding nervous tissue, usually in the legs, arms or pelvis. Of these three types, Ewing’s sarcoma and osteosarcoma are seen most frequently between the ages of 10 and 25, while chondrosarcoma occurs more frequently in older patients. The symptoms of bone cancer in the leg usually do not manifest in an alarming way, until they reach an advanced stage, which makes these types of cancer particularly difficult to stop in time. The possible warning signs are listed below.
As mentioned earlier, most symptoms occur when the cancer has advanced considerably. The symptoms that occur, in any case, are often not exclusive to a particular disorder especially, not as serious as cancer, which makes the self-diagnosis and, with it the diagnostic errors in a very real concern. In addition, joint pain in young children can often be attributed to their active lifestyles and is therefore neglected. Very often, the symptoms of bone cancer will manifest in the form of pain in the affected leg. The pain may be constant and dull, such as persistent pain, or it may appear as intermittent acute, stabbing pain. This pain may increase steadily, as the condition progresses, but, At the same time, it may not appear at all for several weeks or months, even when you have a malignant tumor. In certain cases, if the tumor increases in size, there may be a similar growing lump in the affected site. Sometimes, tumors that reside in the bone can result in an increase in blood calcium levels, leading to the feeling of nausea, and in certain cases, causing periods of mental confusion. In addition, the following symptoms may also manifest: leading to the feeling of nausea, and in certain cases, causing periods of mental confusion. In addition, the following symptoms may also manifest: leading to the feeling of nausea, and in certain cases, causing periods of mental confusion. In addition, the following symptoms may also manifest:
- Unexplained, persistent swelling or inflammation of the leg, especially when there is no recent history of trauma or a possible explanation for pain.
- Fever, chills
- Night sweats
- A sudden unexplained weight loss
- Bone fractures without apparent cause, again, without any sign of trauma
The diagnosis and treatment
Usually, your doctor will ask for some imaging tests to help diagnose your condition. X-rays, CT scans and MRI scans may be necessary to arrive at a conclusive diagnosis, in addition to extensive family history testing, since the incidence of some types of cancer in the family may be at greater risk. If these tests reveal a tumor, the next step is a biopsy to determine if the tumor is benign or malignant.
The treatment can be approached essentially in three different ways. These are surgery, chemotherapy and radiation. The surgery focuses on the removal of the tumor and the part of the normal bone that surrounds the area, to completely reduce the risk of recurrence. After surgery, there may be periodic tests to make sure the cancer cells are not left behind and the bone is normal. Chemotherapy uses medications to stop growth or to kill cancer cells. It can also be used before surgery to make it easier to reduce. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays aimed at the location of cancer and kills cancer cells. Unfortunately,
Although the symptoms of bone cancer in the leg are not always easy to identify, it is important to pay attention to the warning signs. Education about possible signs will help you keep track of when a doctor’s visit is needed. Primary bone cancer is rare and the incidence of a tumor does not mean it will be cancerous. Medical advances in technology and treatment facilities are improving day by day, so keep your spirits. Always remember to take your doctor’s advice and discuss your options clearly.