The Republican Party is the current rival political party of the Democratic Party in the United States. The name of the party came from republicanism, which was the main value during the times of the American revolution. The founders of this party were the economic modernizers, the ex-Free Soilers, the anti-slavery activists and the former Whigs who formed it in 1854. In particular, the Republican Party won more than half of the last presidential election, the first Republican president was Abraham Lincoln at the sixteenth election and Donald Trump was the most recent and the current president of the United States.
The current ideology of the party is the preservation of America, an ideology different from that of the Democratic Party which is modern liberalism. The platform of the Republican Party is support for fiscal conservatism, free market entrepreneurship, the limits of the union, free enterprise, deregulation and strong national protection. The party seeks to support traditional values, mainly based on Judeo-Christian ethics, making it socially conservative.
The common name for the Republican Party is Grand Old Party (GOP). In the mid-1850s, the founding members of the party decided on the name “Republican Party” as a tribute to the values of political belief supported by the Republican Party of Thomas Jefferson. Horace Greeley, who was the main publicist of the party, had the idea of the name “Republican Party” through an editorial that simply described those who had restored the union and freedom as “Republican”. The evolution of the Republican Party has no alignment with the various meanings of the word “republican” worldwide.
The origin of the term “Grand Old Party” (GOP) was the Congress Record which, in 1875, used “this old gallant party” as the description of the party linked to strong military security. The modification of the term was made in 1876 when it was changed to “grand old party” and in 1884 it obtained the first use of the abbreviation.
An elephant is the traditional GOP symbol, and its first important use is considered a political comic strip that Thomas Nast published November 7, 1874, in Harper’s Weekly . The party’s alternative symbols include a bald eagle in states like Ohio, New York and Indiana, and a cabin in Kentucky. It is important to note that the cabin as a symbol of the Republican Party has no connection with the organization of gay Republicans.
The chromatic identity of the group was not initially consistent until after the election of 2000 when the Republicans acquired identity with the color red. It was an interesting coincidence that during the night of the elections all the major broadcasters used the same coloring scheme as the electoral map. They used red to color the states in which Georg W. Bush (the Republican candidate) and blue won for the states in which he won Al Gore (the Democratic candidate). From then on, the media, the party and party candidates have embraced red as the Republican party’s color identity, despite the fact that it is informal and unofficial assigning colors to political parties.