Superficial thrombophlebitis. It is the inflammation of a superficial vein by a blood clot blood . It is also known as superficial vein thrombosis.
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- 1 Features
- 2 Causes
- 3 Symptoms
- 4 Complications
- 5 Treatment
- 6 Sources
It is very similar to what cellulite is , although unlike cellulite , there is usually no fever and responds favorably to the use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, without the need to use antimicrobials.
This disease can be caused when one of the veins that run under the skin is subject to trauma, such as the administration of an irritant drug intravenously, or because the veins are already ill, as occurs in varicose veins or, in some prone individuals, for being immobilized for a long time.
Other people who are also at risk for superficial thrombosis (and subsequent thrombophlebitis) are women who take oral contraceptives.
- Redness or inflammation of the skin along a superficial vein.
- Heat in the tissue around a superficial vein.
- Tenderness or pain along a superficial vein, which worsens when pressure is applied to the vein.
- Hardening of a superficial vein, the vein feels like a tendon.
The complications that a patient with this disease can present can be: Infections, deep vein thrombosis or pulmonary embolism, among others.
Treatments seek to reduce pain and inflammation. To reduce pain and swelling, pain relievers, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are often prescribed to reduce inflammation. Exceptionally anticoagulants are used.