In linguistics , particularly in the context of dialectology , the southern dialect is one of the dialectal classifications of the Portuguese language in Brazil. According to the dialectal division proposed by Antenor Nascentes in 1953, still in use today, the dialect would encompass the states of São Paulo , Paraná , Santa Catarina , Rio Grande do Sul , southern Goiás , parts of Minas Gerais (southern region and Triângulo Mineiro) and current Mato Grosso do Sul . [ 1 ] [ 2 ] [3 ] .
In a more specific definition, dealt with in this article, it designates a dialect proper to the Southern Region of Brazil , being, in this case, the most spoken dialect in the state of Paraná (including in the capital Curitiba and in other important cities of this state) and in the parts central and eastern state of Santa Catarina . It is also spoken in the north and northwest of Rio Grande do Sul .
It is characterized by the phenomena of vowel reduction and vowel harmony related to the middle vowels in a pretonic position. Some authors highlight the variation between the closed average vowels and the open means. [ 4 ]
Particularly in some locations in the states of the southern region of Brazil, the dialect is marked by
- Pronounce nasal consonants at the end of a syllable (with the exception of the unstressed -amending , which is sometimes pronounced as -ão );
- Pronounce the vowel “e” at the end of words like / e /, unlike most of Brazil, which pronounces it as / i / . [ 5 ] Example: hot is pronounced / ʹkente / (instead of / ʹkẽti / , / ʹkẽʧ / or / ʹkẽjʧ / ).
- reduction of decreasing diphthongs followed by coda fricative on the Santa Catarina coast, due to the Azorean influence. [6 ]
The southern dialect also has its own lexicon, with words like vina (as sausage is called in some regions of Paraná) or cancha (used to designate a sports court).