Simón Bolívar was a Venezuelan leader who played a role in the settlement of South American countries after leading their liberation from Spanish colonial rule.
Initial political career
Officially Simón José Antonio de la Santísima Trinidad de Bolóvar y Palacios, and often referred to as The Liberator , Bolivar was born in Venezuela in 1783. After his parents died, Bolívar traveled to Europe to continue his studies. While abroad, he was struck by political events such as Napoleon’s coronation in France.
It is also in Europe where Bolívar learned the art of war, among other studies such as politics and philosophy. The upheavals in Spain gave him the opportunity to return home and begin his revolutions. From 1804, his campaigns saw him go through high and low points. The most notable was when he had a deserter in his ranks, Miranda, arrested and handed over to the Spanish army.
In August 6, 1813 his forces took over Caracas and established the second republic of Venezuela. Later the rebellion forced him to seek refuge in Granada and later in Haiti, where he put pressure on aid.
In September 1821 he resumed his campaigns and led to the creation of the Grand Colombia after defeating the Spanish forces and their allies in the battle of Carabobo, the last great battle. This new state covered an entire area which is now modern Colombia, Venezuela, Ecuador and Panama. Bolívar continued with his campaign to the south between 1822 and 1830.
The struggles in Grand Colombia
This new state has faced political and military challenges. Bolívar has had to face rebellions and insurrections due to his controversial initiative to implement a centralist government system. He didn’t want to use a federal system like the one in the United States because he thought it was impossible. He wanted power to be concentrated in a central administration and a life presidency that gave him the opportunity to elect a successor.
However, his presidency would have a liability system to keep it in order. This idea was not popular and the constitutional conference that had been convened to approve it was abandoned. The conspiracies against him continued despite him forgiving them.
Power struggles were the main reason for his murder. The union collapsed in January 20, 1830 after it resigned from the presidency. His call for the nation to remain united was ignored and the former colonial power of Spain launched failed attempts to recapture its ancient colonial possessions. After 1830, this region suffered conflicts and civil wars. Bolívar died in December 17, 1830 before he could travel to Europe.
Personal beliefs and representation of the authors
It was a pity that Bolívar had no children because he had lost his wife Maria Teresa with yellow fever. His stay in Europe to overthrow the sadness of losing his wife has turned him into a strong commitment.
The transformation was due to his meeting with former tutor Simon Rodriguez. Bolívar has been denounced in historical publications by popular figures such as Karl Marx and Docoudray Holstein.
Many people have called him a coward because of his frequent abandonment of his military forces during combat operations. In particular, Holstein has questioned her preference for intrigue and manipulation over open engagement with the enemy. His relations with women have been criticized because he often interfered with the military effort of his forces. Karl Marx accused him of trying to maintain the Creole nobility from which he came.