Silk or cotton woven satin , with a shine and texture similar to satin, but of lower quality.
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- 1 History
- 2 Features
- 1 Mercerized
- 2 Interweave structure
- 3 types
- 4 Variations of satin
- 5 Beware
- 6 Stain removal
- 7 best uses for satin
- 8 Sources
The satin fabric originated from China and is made from silk . Its name derives from Zaitun, a Chinese port, where it was exported in satin. In the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, satin was exported to Italy and became highly desired by the Romans and Greeks. Due to its richness and splendor, satin was the favorite fabric for clothing and gifts that were accessible only to those with great wealth. It was only after the industrial revolution and advances in the production process of textile satin fabric became more affordable for the common man .
Satin is not actually a fabric , but a specific type of fabric. Fabric has two sets of yarns, the warp and the weft. The warp runs along the fabric, the weft runs from one side to the other. In satin fabric, at least four weft threads are woven onto one warp thread. This causes the light that is reflected in the tohalla to not be as widespread as in other types of armor, creating an even shine through the fabric. Satin can be made from many different types of fibers including silk, nylon, and polyester.. Satin is a fabric that has a sheen and softness that makes it an attractive choice among fabrics. It tends to be smooth and luxurious and has a much lower cost than silk. Satin is used in a variety of applications, from fashion ensembles to home decor. Its distinctive shine is what makes it stand out.
Satin begins its life as a cotton fiber. Then the cotton is mercerized to soften the fabric. Mercerizing cotton creates shine through the use of sodium hydroxide (bleach). The cotton fibers are soaked in sodium hydroxide and then rinsed in a neutralizing acid bath. The shine reaches the fabric when it is tensioned or stretched while it is mercerized. Satin maintains its color extremely well and is glossy to the touch and the eye due to this mercerization process.
The satin fabric is similar to satin because the structure of the yarn is the same: four rows on one. This explains the shine that satin has. Four threads together reflect light differently. Fabrics that have one thread over another, such as flat yarns, scatter light because the surface is torn by the yarn. Satin uses satin yarn, which creates a smooth surface. Satin is created by combining satin yarn with mercerized cotton fiber.
Some common types are the crepes of new satin, duchesse, antiques and slipper. Back crepe is a slinky , high gloss reversible fabric. It consists of a highly braided yarn for the filament weft yarn and soft for the warp . Duchesse satin has a high density of threads. Crisp and light, satin duchess silk is often used in wedding dresses . Antique satin is created by using weft threads with thick and thin areas called “flamed”. This gives the fabric a textured appearance. Satin slipper is a heavy satin fabric used in shoemaking, like toe shoes for dancers .
Satin can be found in various patterns. One of those variations is striped satin. This is a satin-altering yarn pattern, still creating a solid, scratched satin within the satin pattern. Other variations are iron and plaid yarn . Prints can be made on the satin to create various patterns.
Satin is delicate and must be properly cared for to extend the life of the fabric. Satin and Silk Acetate should always be dry cleaned. Nylon and polyester are safe to machine wash in the gentle cycle in cold or lukewarm water with a mild detergent. Satin should be hung dry and never twisted or wrung out. Set the iron to the coldest temperature and press on the opaque side of the fabric. This will restore shine.
== Treatment indications ==
Cutting and treating satin is very simple. However, the fabric could come to the cut, why should hold before with pins . To avoid punctured spots, always secure satin to added seams. For sewing satin an 11 force sewing machine needle and a stitch length of 2.5 mm is suitable . Depending on the type of fiber, premium polyester or cotton yarn is used .
Stains are difficult to remove from satin, but not impossible. The best thing to do is read the label and follow the manufacturer’s care instructions. When searching for stain removal products, find one that is safe to use on satin, and never use bleach . For blood stains, soak in cold water and then hand wash gently with cold soapy water . Rubbing the fabric to remove the stain is very likely ruin, so it is always nice and dry as much of the stain as soon as possible, before you have had a chance to set.
Best uses for satin
The weight and handling of satin make it perfect for lining fabrics, for sheets, for duvets , padding and lining clothes such as jackets and coats . They are found in homes and stores like tablecloths , scarves , wallets, and accessories. Marimekko is a designer sheets so popular that often uses cotton sateen in their designs.