Agriculture is the main driving force of Bangladesh. Agriculture comes from food, clothing, housing, medical, education and entertainment. Agriculture is the only source of food. Farmers and agriculturalists have saved agriculture.
Success has been achieved in the country in various fields. However, most successful in agriculture. Because the population of the country has more than doubled in that year. Land has decreased while cereal production has increased threefold. Every year, there are about 1,000 hectares of arable land at a rate of 1 percent. The population is growing at a rate of 9.5 percent. Farmers are sweating their heads to meet the food needs of the growing population. Over 500 million people are producing food in the country, ignoring thousands of problems including sun, rain, winter, natural disasters, lack of food, hunger and hunger.
Farmers are neglected and deprived of facilities. Although there is a lot of improvement in agriculture during that year, the farmer has not improved. Farmers are assisting in the production of food, farmers, agricultural scientists, extension department, agronomists, NGOs, many others.The production of rice in the country was 1 crore two lakh metric tons in that year. There was a food crisis then. Currently food is self-sufficient. At present, the production of rice is 3 crore 5 lakh 12 thousand metric tons. Exports of rice are exported to the country in an average of 5 tonnes per hectare. Now three and a half tons.
Presently, the grain intake in the country is 6 percent, GDP contribution in agriculture is 8.2 percent, agriculture GDP growth is 2.5 percent, livestock contribution is 5 percent and fisheries contribution is 5 percent. Bangladesh is fourth in rice and fish production and third in vegetable production in the world.
In the country, artificial satellites, computers, mobile phones, websites, information technology are being used in agriculture. Six national agricultural research institutes in the country have developed more than 500 crop varieties with numerous sophisticated technologies. Among these, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute-1 developed three technologies, including 4 advanced crops, Bangladesh rice research institute with four hybrids of paddy-1, Bangladesh Nuclear Agricultural Research Institute-1 crop, Bangladesh Sugarcane Research Institute sugarcane-1, Bangladesh Jute Research Institute Jat Research Institute. Also Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute of Fish, Bangladesh Animal Resources Research Institute, Cattle & Poultry, Bangladesh Tea Research Institute has developed tea varieties and advanced technology.
The Soil Resource Development Institute is setting up 5 minilab for soil testing and testing 5,000 soil samples. Farmers in 25 upazilas can find fertilizer levels from the website. Genome sequencing of jute has been discovered. As a result, versatile use of jute will be possible. Digital methods have been introduced for the production and marketing of sugarcane. Zoologists have invented egg-laying chicken varieties called shuvra. This type of chicken lays from 25 to 20 eggs a year. Fishery scientists in the country have developed genetic varieties of indigenous cotton and ki-fish, which are more productive at 5% and 5%. Pearl cultivation in the pond of Bangladesh has been successful.
Using the greenhouse method, scientists have developed techniques for producing broods in advance. Five crop zoning maps have been prepared for crop production based on soil and climate. Agriculture at the union and block level Information and communication center has been opened. From where farmers get instant information via internet. You can find information on agriculture and solutions to problems at home. You can also find information and solutions for agricultural problems through mobile phones. BR12 has developed BR-zinc-rich rice varieties. This rice rice will meet the lack of zinc in the body. Three varieties of rice have been developed for the manga area.
In that year, 5 percent of the arable land was under irrigation, now it has increased to 6 percent. The Department of Agriculture Extension has established a total of 22,12 farmers farmers schools under IPM and ISM activities. The Directorate of Extension of Agriculture has trained 5,900 farmers by hand. Agricultural Materials Assistance Cards have been given to 2 crore 5 lakh 5 thousand 20 people. 5 lakh 5 thousand 5 accounts have been opened, giving farmers the opportunity to open a bank account at 5 rupees. A year ago, two crops were cultivated on one land. Now 3 crops are cultivated. It is planned to cultivate four crops.
Today, a lot of food is available for the invention and application of versatile technology in agriculture. There is no food crisis despite population growth and land depletion. Food security has been a difficult challenge for the growing population. To meet this challenge, cultivate varieties adapted to the changing climate, make agriculture the highest priority, reduce energy crisis, increase soil fertility, increase productivity per inch of land, protect agricultural land, increase subsidy, increase the cost of agricultural products, increase the cost of production, production. There are several steps that need to be taken to minimize costs Freedom is more difficult to protect than freedom, but it is harder to protect than to achieve food security.