Resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth . Narrated account in the Bible , according to which Jesus of Nazareth was resurrected two days after being crucified on the outskirts of Jerusalem . The word resurrection ( Greek ἀνάστασις, “rising”; ἔγερσις, “rising”) represents in the biblical context the action of rising from death with a physical body in the same state prior to death, or with a new body, transformed and glorified as in the case of Jesus.
The resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth constitutes the cornerstone of Christianity and its fundamental distinctive with respect to the rest of the religions and creeds. Its historicity largely depends on the reliability of its primary historical source, the New Testament , and it has been the subject of painstaking research and debate for centuries .
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- 1 Narration of the event
- 2 Importance of the resurrection
- 3 Historical truthfulness
- 4 See also
- 5 References
- 6 Sources
Narration of the event
The event is described by Saint Matthew , one of the twelve disciples of Jesus, as follows:
“When night came, a wealthy man from Arimathea came, named Joseph, who had also been a disciple of Jesus. This went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. Then Pilate commanded that the body be given to him. And Joseph took the body, wrapped it in a clean sheet, and put it in his new tomb, which he had carved on the rock; and after rolling a large stone at the entrance to the grave, he left. And there was Mary Magdalene , and the other Mary, sitting in front of the grave .
“The next day, which is after preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees gathered before Pilate, saying: Lord, we remember that deceiver said, still living: After three days I will rise again. Therefore command the tomb to be made secure until the third day, lest his disciples come by night and steal it, and say to the people, He rose from the dead. And it will be worse than the first last error. And Pilate said to them: There you have a guard; go, secure it as you know. So they went and made the grave secure, sealing the stone and setting the guard.
“After the Sabbath day , at dawn on the first day of the week, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the tomb. And there was a great earthquake ; for an angel of the Lord, coming down from heaven and coming, removed the stone, and sat upon it. Her appearance was like lightning , and her dress was white as snow . And from fear of him the guards trembled and remained as dead. But the angel, answering, said to the women: Fear not you; because I know that you are looking for Jesus, the one who was crucified. He’s not here, well he resurrected, as he said. Come, see the place where the Lord was placed. And go quickly and tell his disciples that he has risen from the dead, and behold, he is going ahead of you to Galilee; there you will see him. Behold, I have told you. Then they, leaving the grave with fear and great joy, ran to give the news to their disciples. And while they were going to give the news to the disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying: Hail! They came to him, clasped his feet and worshiped him. Then Jesus said to them: Fear not; go tell my brothers that they may go to Galilee, and they will see me there. ” [one]
Importance of the resurrection
All the great world religions, except four of them, are based on philosophical propositions. Of the four that are based on personalities rather than on a certain philosophical system, only Christianity claims to have the tomb of its founder empty.The Bible that is the word of God affirms that Jesus rose from the dead and is seated at the right hand of the father, for the doomsday to judge the living and the dead.
Abraham , the father of Judaism , died around 1900 BC , but no statement has ever been made that he would be resurrected. In the stories of the Buddha there is nothing similar to a resurrection, but, on the contrary, in the first records of his death it is expressed that it was with a total death in which nothing is left behind. Muhammad , for his part, died on June 8 , 632 in Medina, at the age of 61, and his grave is visited annually by thousands of devout Mohammedans. All the millions of millions of Jews, Buddhists and Mohammedans agree that their founders have never risen from the dust of the earth in resurrection. However, the Christian Faith rests entirely on the fact of the resurrection of Jesus of Nazareth: Christianity remains standing or falls with the resurrection.
Today the historicity of Jesus Christ is no longer discussed. However, for the historicity of the resurrection, the first testimonies are not the gospels but the letters of the apostle Paul. Chapter 15 of 1 Corinthians verse 3, reflects Paul’s interest in proving the resurrection of Christ with historical facts . This fragment has been called Paradosis .