The public administration comprises the set of public sector bodies formed to perform the task of administering and managing agencies, institutions and entities of the State .
The public administration comes to fulfill a fundamental function, such a function is to establish and foster a close relationship between political power or government and the people. The main components of public administration are public institutions and officials.
It should be noted that the concept of public administration depends fundamentally on the treatment approach with which it is studied. First, it is visualized from a formal perspective. This is how it comes from the Government or entity that has received political power, using all the necessary means to achieve the satisfaction of the common good. The other conception perspective visualizes it from a material point of view. Thus it is considered in terms of its management problem.
Keep in mind that this is a scientific discipline, which has its own object of study. Conceived in this way, it is understood as that which is responsible for the skillful management of the resources and tasks of public officials in order to meet the expectations of the good of all citizens.
Characteristics of public administration
The public administration has a series of elements that identify it as such.
- In the first place, there is the existence of the human resource that becomes the means that links the government with the citizens. They can be called officials or administrative staff.
- Also, taxmanagement is present . Be these taxes , tariffs , fees etc., coming from other sectors of the economy and the people.
- Two additional identifying elements can be distinguished. This is the end and objective. Which are called to consummate in the satisfaction of the collective interest.
Additionally, we could highlight that with the technological advancement, the public administration is increasingly computerized. This results in an electronic public administration. An example of this evolution is in Spain in tax matters. In the past, the statement was made like the one that says paper and pencil. That is, it was done by hand. However, with the technological advance, it was presented in a mandatory way by computer or telematic means.