Knowing how and when to plant beans in our garden is essential to succeed in cultivation. In the northern hemisphere, specifically in Spain, the planting of beans depends largely on winter temperatures. When winters are mild, beans can be sown in early or mid-autumn , but when they are more severe, we will have to wait in early spring.
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How and when to plant beans
If winter is not too hard, you can plant beans in autumn and harvest them in spring, but, as I said earlier, if there are many frosts in winter, it is best to wait for spring to begin in order to collect them late of this season or early summer.
Beans should be planted directly in the pot or in the garden. The pot must be 5 liters and 20 cm deep. To plant beans, you must leave the seeds soaked in water for 24 hours to soften them. Then, make furrows in the garden of approximately 8 cm and place the seeds .
The bean plant can grow on any type of soil if you apply compost, but you prefer clay. If the soil is too acidic, you can add some lime. On the other hand, wood ash mixed with the earth is an excellent idea to grow beans, since it contains a good amount of potassium. For every 2 meters of planting row, the ideal is to add 100 g of ash.
Between groove and groove leaves a separation of 15 cm and a distance between planting lines of 60 cm. If you are going to place the bean seeds in the pot, prepare a mixture of soil compost and plant each seed 6 cm deep.
Sun, irrigation and harvest
The beans require sun to grow, but not in excess, so they prefer to have a little shade during the day. It also does not tolerate excessive heat and its ideal temperature ranges between 20 ° C. As for irrigation, it is enough to only water two or three times a week. On the other hand, when the tip of the plant reaches the desired size, you must cut it to consume it. The bean pod can be consumed, but it is important that you remove the beans or their seeds. If you are going to let the pods dry, you can remove the dried beans and keep them to be consumed in winter.
One of the most common parasitic causes of bean crops is the aphid , which you must fight immediately. In the event that aphids or blackflies are at the apex of the plant, you must cut it and go.
On the other hand, mildew can also be present. This is a fungus related to excess moisture and irrigation. To prevent it from appearing, you should only water when the soil begins to dry. In this way, you will avoid waterlogging. Another tip is to water the substrate directly and not make the mistake of watering from above completely covering the plant.
- Bean plants do not need supportsto grow, but if there is too much wind you will have to place some.
- It is advisable to sow beansin soils where cabbage, beans and potatoes have previously been grown.
- Eliminate weeds from the garden.
- You don’t get along with garlic and pea crops. Keep this in mind when planting beans in your garden or pot!