Permanent makeup

Permanent makeup . Permanent makeup or micropigmentation consists of a pigment microimplant that is performed on the most superficial part of the skin – epidermis- and can be applied to different parts of the body such as the eyebrows, the edge of the lips or the eyes. . Thus, Micropigmentation is the introduction of pigment granules of different shades into the dermal tissue with the help of very fine needles that are connected to a Dermograph. The Dermograph is an electrical device that produces back and forth movements that manage to deposit the pigment in the epidermis.

Permanent makeup cannot be defined as a simple tattoo. It is true that it has to do with the application of a pigment inside the skin, but it combines the ability, precision, good taste, experience and ethics to acquire a natural and lasting enhancement of the eyebrows, the contour of the eyelids , lips, and even serves to camouflage birthmarks or scars.


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  • 1 What does permanent makeup allow?
  • 2 restrictions
  • 3 Advantages of permanent makeup
  • 4 Types of permanent makeup
    • 1 How is it done?
  • 5 Micropigmentation
    • 1 Phases of Micropigmentation
    • 2 Types of pigments
    • 3 Pain and anesthesia
    • 4 Recommendations
    • 5 Care of Micropigmentation
  • 6 Sources

What does permanent makeup allow?

It allows you to make thinner lines. Only an expert make-up artist is able to delineate the eyes or mouth with lines as fine as those that can be done with permanent makeup. This technique requires very good taste, since many of the women who use it remain as ‘cats’, as they abuse the outlines. It is not as easy as it sounds and that is why not everyone can do it.


  • People with keloid scarring (skin bulges or sags) cannot get permanent makeup.
  • The recommended age to do it is from 18 years and in any case, parental authorization is required.
  • For adolescents it is recommended to only do a line shading on the eyes. The effect of thicker and thicker eyelashes is done in the first instance on the lower eyelid, and on the upper one only if the type of eye allows it. For example for deep eyes with a wide upper eyelid.

Advantages of permanent makeup

Permanent makeup is a possible option to be flawless whatever the time of day. A makeup that does not run, does not go away and that allows you to be made up even when you have just gotten up. Before starting the procedure, the specialist draws the outline to be treated with a semi-permanent marker. In the event that the result is not desired, the specialist may perform a pigment lift. This can only be used in small areas and consists of a mixed salt / saline solution that is applied to lift the product. In the event that the area to be treated is larger, a more extensive treatment such as laser will be required. In this case, a dermatologist should be contacted. In the tattooed area you can apply additional makeup that increases permanent makeup. There is also no contraindication in the combination of Micropigmentation with cosmetic surgery. However, the most common thing is to have surgery before permanent makeup so that the latter can correct any type of imperfection after the intervention.

Types of permanent makeup

  • Permanent cosmetic type makeup: its function is to beautify. Within this type we can include the delineation of eyebrows, upper and lower lip and eyeliner.
  • Permanent makeup for corrective purposes is indicated for all those who have suffered accidents and who as a consequence have lost their eyebrows or suffer lip deformations. It is also indicated to cover scars and for the pigmentation of areolas that have been blurred by some operation.

Thus the permanent makeup pigment is implanted in the epidermis at a depth of approximately 0Ž07mm. In this case the color is removable – it can be removed – and lasts on average from 5 to 7 years.

How it is performed?

At first the expert marks the path to follow. Then, introduce the pigments millimeter by millimeter using a needle. While the pigment is implanted, the specialist must clean the excess material with a wet cotton swab in order to disinfect and to have a clear image of the path to follow.

The apparatus used in Micropigmentation consists of a motor, in which the needles are inserted, which transmits reciprocating movements. This movement allows the product to gradually detach and thus accumulate in the epidermis. The needles usually have a diameter that varies between 0Ž25 and 1Ž75 mm depending on the type of device. There are also different models of heads according to the model to be used.

During the process it is important that the skin is very tight to avoid pinching with the needles. The ideal angle of access to the skin is 90º as it allows a well-defined layout. Of utmost importance is that the needles and the pigment container are disposable in order to prevent the spread of any disease such as AIDS or hepatitis.

The tracing can vary in intensity depending on the number of needles used. For finer marking, fewer needles should be used, while for more intense results, a greater number of tips will be needed.


The Micropigmentation procedure is a permanent procedure, that is, if we do not like the shape, it cannot be eliminated but it can be modified.

Therefore we refer to a makeup method that is based on the implantation of pigments in the skin that are permanent but in no case definitive. Thus, over time, these pigments lose color while their intensity is attenuated. The duration of the process depends to a great extent on the type of life of the person who is subjected to this process since there are factors such as prolonged exposure to the sun that can modify the color and intensity of the lines.

Phases of Micropigmentation

  • First phase. After carrying out the treatment, an inflammation occurs that is caused by the repetitive penetration of the needles. In this phase, an increase in vascular permeability and a serous exudate develops. In turn, there is an increase in leukocytes and macrophages, and free pigment particles can be observed both in the epidermis and in the dermis.
  • Second stage. In this phase, the actual healing and superficial scab formation process takes place. During its formation, the color darkens. It is just a misleading assessment that disappears once the scab falls off. This process lasts around four or five days.
  • Third phase. At this time, the epidermis is renewed and collagen is recovered, an essential component for the skin to maintain its elasticity. In turn, the pigments are redistributed in such a way that those that had been deposited in the most superficial layers disappear by cell renewal. This results in a decrease in the color tone so that more natural results are visible. This phase takes place 10 days after the intervention.
  • Fourth phase. In this phase, total repair of the epidermis occurs. The pigment particles are distributed among the collagen particles and around the capillaries of the dermis. In turn, the color is even more nuanced because the granules near the hair bulbs are quickly removed due to sebum secretion.

Pigment types

The pigments that are introduced in the Micropigmentation can be of two types: organic and inorganic.

  • Organic pigments. They are those that have carbon as their fundamental element. They are generally less advisable than inorganic pigments because they have a higher incidence of allergic reactions. Furthermore, as they are made up of particles of different sizes, there may be a risk of migration.
  • Inorganic pigments. These pigments have iron oxide as a fundamental component. The possibility of allergies with this type of pigments is practically nil. On the other hand, permanent makeup made with this type of product offers greater fixation and guarantees a more uniform loss of color.

Pain and anesthesia

The procedure is not painful although in certain cases and depending on the patient, anesthesia is required. This anesthesia can be administered in the form of a gel through the application of Lidocaine 4% – or through an injection applied to the area to work. Lidocaine produces only a slight numbness of the skin within 15 minutes of its application. Once the process is finished, the skin must be treated with an antiseptic to avoid any type of infection. Before the intervention, it is advisable not to take alcohol, aspirin, anticoagulant medications, vitamin E, garlic or herbal supplements in order to avoid further bleeding since these substances liquefy the blood.


  • When choosing Micropigmentation it is very important to choose a good center and a specialist who knows this technique well. The procedure is relatively safe but there are risks of infection and contamination if the instruments used are not properly disinfected. * You should always choose an experienced specialist, a dermatologist or a beautician who are knowledgeable and have practice in the process of permanent makeup.
  • It is important to demand that the needles are not expired and without a doubt that they are disposable. The intervention must be carried out with surgical gloves and having carried out a previous allergy test. Said test is carried out using a red pigment since this is the color that produces the most notable allergic reaction if it exists.
  • After a period of 5 years the Micropigmentation carried out loses its color so it is necessary to apply a color renewal. Once the color becomes paler it is time to touch up.

Micropigmentation care

The patient needs prior care before having a micropigmentation treatment. These cares are as follows:

  • Avoid applying cosmetic or pharmaceutical products on the area to be treated so that the area is completely clean of impurities
  • The ingestion of alcoholic beverages is totally prohibited before applying the treatment.
  • Do not eat shellfish two or three days before or highly allergenic products. The goal is to avoid rebounding of the skin.
  • They should not take any exciting such as coffee, tea, Coca-Cola, or any other drink that contains caffeine.

The care to be carried out after the micropigmentation treatment is as follows.

  • Take care of the inflammation: it is recommended to put ice to apply cold to the area and reduce the swelling.
  • Avoid scratching during healing.
  • To maintain cleanliness, it is good to apply healing or healing cream to the area, and under no circumstances apply makeup to the area.
  • Avoiding the beach or pool, you run the risk of infection.
  • Take care of the sun and protect the area with factor 50 protective cream.
  • Do not exercise to avoid sweating and loss of micropigmentation.


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