Mineromedicinal Peloid. Hydrothermal or hydrothermal sediments produced by the primary or secondary mixture of clay materials (geological) with mineral-medicinal waters and organic materials.
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- 1 Composition
- 2 Indications
- 3 Applications
- 4 Main fields of application
- 5 Sources
From the physical-chemical point of view, they make up a heterogeneous phase, formed by a suspension of organic and inorganic substances in a normally diluted solution of organic and inorganic compounds, whose solvent is the chemical species known as water , (H2O).
Produced by the metabolic activity of microorganisms that grow in the so-called maturation process. The combination, in this case, of mineral-medicinal water with a solid phase of peculiar characteristics, makes it a special high-grade material, since mechanical, thermal and chemical effects are attributed to this natural product that are precisely given by the combination of these phases in a single product.
Mineral-medicinal waters are used basically for bathing, through balneotherapeutic treatments, although they are also used as drinks for the so-called “hydropinic treatment”. Peloids are preferably indicated in those processes in which, together with the general stimulus, it is necessary to obtain local antiphlogistic effects, as occurs in many chronic rheumatisms and in certain bone, joint, muscular and metabolic conditions. The study of the healing action of the peloids on the human body has been the subject of countless investigations in various regions.
These sediments have been used in medicine for the treatment of different pathologies since ancient times, and today, their use has spread for wellness, relaxation and cosmetology purposes.
It is currently well established that the use of peloids, due to the set of their thermal, chemical and mechanical properties, influences many functions of the organism such as circulation, substance exchange, range of joint movement and contribute to reducing the period of Rehabilitation.
Main fields of application
Without a doubt, chronic rheumatisms constitute the main field of application of peloid therapy. Rheumatoid arthritis, Still-Chauffard’s disease, ankylopoietic spondyloarthritis, etc., can benefit from these cures, as well as certain endocrine arthropathies that are very common in menopausal women.
In rheumatoid arthritis, in the rehabilitation of joint stiffness and fibrous forms, chlorinated or sulfurized hypermineralized peloids can be used. In these forms, the result will be all the better the earlier the treatment is started. According to data collected by the Italian Institute of Social Welfare and the Antirheumatic Committee of the former USSR, peloid therapy is an invaluable method to prevent or mitigate work disabilities caused by these rheumatisms.
In the inveterate forms with irreparable injuries, little can be achieved, but by giving up the spasmodic muscle retraction, increasing the elasticity of the articular and periarticular tissues and reducing the painful courtship, a certain functional improvement is achieved.
In ankylopoietic spondyloarthritis, as in all forms of spondylosis, pelotherapy can bring great benefits, but the result depends largely on the form and evolutionary moment of the process since localized forms do not respond equally as diffuse ones. The best results are achieved in the incipient forms