The journalistic caricature consists of a type of drawing made in order to show a criticism or perception about a social, economic, political fact, among others, in a brief way.
In the cartoon it is possible to interpret the facts or to show questions, or simply to make a funny critique. Usually, as its name indicates, they can be found in newspapers, although they can also be seen on the internet, magazines, among others.
These types of cartoons usually show a subject with humor and largely with sarcasm and irony. These characteristics differentiate it from other journalistic formats, such as, for example, the report, the chronicle and the interview, which report taking into account the presentation of information with rigor and accuracy.
The characters depicted in the cartoons are usually notable figures, such as athletes, businessmen, politicians, and artists. Anonymous characters such as public employees or neighbors are also used. Also, there are cartoons where objects such as newspaper covers are used. This kind of cartoon can have only images, or it can also include short texts or dialogues.
In the traditional media, the cartoon that has a distinguished place within the newspaper (usually the opinion pages) is known as a bullet; In this, the great challenge is to send a message that is understood with a single image (which may or may not be integrated with a text).
WHAT ARE ITS PARTS?
- 1Parts of a journalistic cartoon
- 4Visual metaphor
- 7Verbal language
Parts of a journalistic cartoon
It consists of the frame that is used to create the drawing, and it can be two-dimensional or three-dimensional; It can be a general shot, detail, close-up, among others.
These can be fictitious or real, they can be prolonged protagonists of the space or specific, which are shown as responses to a conjuncture.
In the event that real-life people are symbolized, they are guaranteed to be easily identified by the recipient; This will be done with exaggeration or emphasizing the most accentuated qualities of the person they draw.
They are considered great allies of the message, especially when words are not used. In the case of these cartoons, facial expressions, postures, among others, will be extended and marked to send a direct and unambiguous message.
It consists of an essential and characteristic aspect of the vignette; send ideas through drawings and get them to be understood by the recipient in the same way and with the same intention that the creator had when designing them.
Many of these cartoons, especially those in printed newspapers, are usually in black and white, due to the limitation of the elements of the print itself.
With the presence of color on the press and much more, after the appearance of digital newspapers, color began to have a greater presence in cartoons, with all the benefits that this includes in the transmission of ideas.
Sometimes it can become more essential than the characters themselves. In other cases it can be so null that it is simply a background with nothing that highlights the character or what he does.
It consists of the written text that the cartoon may have to better understand the story.
Dialogue boxes can be used, in which the characters are the ones who converse, or external pictures, where the thoughts of the narrator, that is, the cartoonist, are manifested. Such pictures are known as balloons .
This can become explicit or implicit, that is, indicating clearly and precisely so that the reader can understand the meaning without having more data, or the message can be hidden, or that it is only understood if the public has previous data on the fact embodied.