Organic agriculture is a cultivation technique that does not use synthetic inputs, in order to eliminate water pollution and preserve soil nutrients.
The way in which it is possible to increase fertility in the long term, through crop rotation, promoting the conservation of agro ecosystems, biological cycles.
Organic agriculture is also known as organic or organic farming and is regulated in its technique and even certified, since its benefits are subsidized by the governments of some countries.
Thanks to this type of agriculture, it is possible to obtain products that have a demand in the market and since no demand can be met in any country, then some countries develop it for internal consumption and in turn for export.
The exports organic have managed to find a market that can be sold at a premium of up to 20% compared to products from non – organic farms.
Organic agriculture uses labor and natural methods intensively to combat pests.
In this type of production as in many others, the consumer influences making informed purchasing decisions, since their preferences give signals to the market and the production process; which reacts to the extent that profit is generated for its producers.
Advantages of organic agriculture
The advantages of organic agriculture are:
- It improves the composition of the cultivation soil and stimulates the reproduction of microorganisms.
- Reduces the risk of erosion by turning the periods in which the crop soil is exposed to rain, wind and sun.
- Boosts biological diversity.
- Contributes to sustainable agriculture.
- Thanks to its use, there is an improvement in the health of agricultural communities, since the use of toxic synthetic pesticides that poison aquifers is reduced every year.
- Protect the native species of the region.
- Storage is reduced because it is produced based on the seasons of the year; Instead of forcing off-season production, harvest and ripen in warehouses because the weather will not let it mature properly.
- It makes use of prevention and calendar organization.
- Make use of the knowledge of the environment.
Disadvantages of organic agriculture
However, not all benefits:
- The results are observed until the medium term.
- Specialized control and handling is necessary.
- In some areas it is not possible because the lands are not fertile enough.
- Its cost is higher.
- The demand for this type of products is lower, due to its higher price.
- Production is usually lower than in the case of other types of cultivation techniques