An orbit is the path or trajectory of one body through space under the influence of forces of attraction or repulsion from a second body. In the solar system the force of gravitation causes the Moon to orbit around the Earth and the planets to orbit around the Sun. The orbits resulting from gravitational forces are the object of study of celestial mechanics.
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- 1 The orbit
- 2 Concepts
- 1 In astronomy
- 2 In physics
- 3 In anatomy
- 3 Sources
An orbit takes the form of a conic, that is, a circumference, an ellipse , a parabola, or a hyperbola . The shape of an orbit depends on Newton’s law of universal gravitation . The planets of our solar system run through elliptical orbits around the sun .
- In astronomy, the orbitis the path that a body travels in space around another body of greater mass subject to the action of gravity : the Moon’s orbit around the Earth .
- In physics, the orbitis the path that particles subjected to electromagnetic fields travel in particle accelerators .
- In physics, the orbitis the path an electron travels around the nucleus of the atom .
- In anatomy, the orbit is each of the holes located under the forehead in which the eyes are located . For example, “his face was so surprised that it seemed that his eyes were going to pop out of his head.”
- An orbitis also the area that encompasses the activity or influence of someone or something. For example: “This question enters the orbit of medicine.”
Parts of the orbit.
- Orbit is the path that a body travels in space due to the gravitational actionexerted by the stars. The German scientist Johannes Kepler (1571-1630) was the one who analyzed, for the first time, orbits from mathematical calculations.
- Johannes Keplerpostulated that the orbits of the planets in the solar system are elliptical and stressed that the Sun is not the center of these orbits, but one of their foci.
For physics , an orbit is the path that a particle subjected to electromagnetic fields in accelerators travels] is that of particles and the path that an electron travels around the nucleus of an atom .
In the area of anatomy , the orbits are the cavities on both sides of the face to house the eyeballs. It usually has a depth of between 42 and 50 mm , with a width of 40 mm at the base and a height of 35 mm.