The term globalization shows the symptom of the unification of human life on planet earth without recognizing the physical-geographic and social boundaries that we know today. Globalization develops through a process that is triggered and spurred by the rapid progress of the “revolution” in the field of communication or information technology, transportation and trade known as the Triple T.
Naisbitt’s thought states that the unity of life in the world (globalization) is accompanied by the emergence of various paradoxes (conditions of conflict). It is feared that “globalization” will eliminate the nation state? On the other hand, globalization must be seen as an “opportunity” to increase, develop and strengthen the nation, so that it is equal to other developed nations. For this reason, a strong Tannas is needed for the Indonesian people in the Globalization Era.
Globalization is an economic sense. The concept of globalization only entered university studies in the 1980s, first of all it was a sociological definition coined by Roland Robertson of the University of Pittsburgh.
In principle, the globalization process is aimed at intentional and some is impersonal. The intentional process of globalization can be seen for example in trading and marketing activities, while the impersonal process of globalization can be seen, for example in fundamentalist movements, religions and market trends which are rather difficult to explain the causes, for example the withdrawal of American-made cars on the world market. nowadays.
Globalization has led to a “global bazaar” because the world has actually become a joint market with the existence of means of communication and global entertainment through TV networks, internet, films, music and magazines, the world today has become a large market (global cultural bazaar). . That the world has become one market, we can see the symptoms in big cities in Indonesia, with the mushrooming of malls flooded with foreign products.
Today we also see that a product is no longer produced in one country, but its components have been made in various countries due to more favorable business considerations. Boeing, Toyota, Mitsubisi, General motor products are examples of decentralization in their production. Meanwhile, the production process has also developed into mass production which allows for lower prices so that it can be sold cheaper.
The rapid development of business is also driven by what is called global money, namely credit cards. James Champy, the well-known author of Reengineering The Corporation, stated that consumer tastes are crucial in global transformation.
According to Champy, an environment that is able to face future challenges is First, an environment that stimulates multiple thinking that is sensitive to consumer desires. Second, in order to meet the “consumer” market’s appetite, we need human beings who master certain knowledge and skills and carry out leadership instructions with full responsibility. Third, the future society is a “meritocratic” society, that is, a society that respects achievement rather than status in the organization. Fourth, an environment that respects someone who can complete his job and not based on his position in the organization. This is the transformation of the company which also illustrates the transformation of human culture.
The positive values of globalization (universalism) have new dimensions that were not known before such as international crime, piracy and international terrorism, a new disease which is rapidly spreading around the world. This transformation takes place by facing challenges, as stated by John Naisbitt, globalization contains various paradoxes.
According to Kartasasmita (1996) global transformation is determined by two major mutually supporting forces, namely trade and technology. Trade will develop so fast and change the patterns of human life. These patterns of life are borne out by technological advances that have changed the forms of human relations with a faster, more intensive and more diverse. Transformation is not without challenges. John Naisbitt said that globalization contains various paradoxes, including the following.
1. Global vs local culture
2. Universal vs Individual
3. Traditional vs Modern
4. Long term vs Short term
5. Competition vs Equality of opportunity
6. Human resource limitations vs Science and technology explosion
7. Spiritual vs Material
As a result of the business relationship (trade) that has united human life, there has been a more internal awareness of human rights and obligations. In line with that, democratic life is increasingly flourishing and people want to distance themselves from various forms of oppression, misery, dictators and wars. Therefore, liberalization in the economic field demands liberalization in the political field, where both must go hand in hand and support each other. Kenechi Ohmae’s ideas in “a world without borders” intended in the field of communication and information business will indeed redeem the boundaries of the nation, but it does not automatically eliminate the identity of a nation. Cultural contact is inevitable due to improved communication.
As an Indonesian nation, based on the Pancasila culture, to face this global power, it is necessary to know the strengths and weaknesses that we have in all aspects of life (Astagatra). The strengths we have in Astagatra (geography, natural resources, demography, ideology, politics, economy, socio-culture, and defense and security) must be maintained, enhanced and developed, while existing weaknesses should be overcome and converted into strengths to improve tannas in facing the era of globalization. The key to improving Indonesia’s national tannas is to improve the quality of Indonesia’s human resources towards mastery of science and technology (IPTEK) which is based on faith and piety (imtaq). In national development, what we are doing to improve national tannas is based on Wasantara. The application of the tannas approach in national development means that we see the strengths and weaknesses of the Indonesian nation in all aspects of life (Astagatra) in an integral, comprehensive manner, building synergistically the aspects of the nation’s life. Therefore, in national development to achieve the national level that we expect in this globalization era, it is necessary to regulate the Trigatra and Pancagatra aspects.
In the Trigatra aspect, it is necessary to regulate the national territory space which is harmonious between the interests of welfare and security interests, population development, management of natural resources by taking into account the principles of benefit, competitiveness and sustainability. In the Pancagatra aspect, it is necessary to understand the appreciation and practice of Pancasila in our life as nation, state and society