Mozarabic art. It arises as a result of fascination and controversy. In fact, the term “Mozarabic art” is relatively recent. It was coined at the beginning of the 20th century by the prestigious historian and professor Manuel Gómez Moreno in the belief that the art of the 10th century and the beginning of the 11th century in the former territories of Castilla y León , some places in Catalonia and northern Catalonia. Aragon , essentially emanated from the Islamic world of Córdoba and was developed by Mozarabs (Christians in Muslim territory) who fled from Andalusia.
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- 1 Origins
- 1 The structure can be Latin or Byzantine:
- 2 Main monuments
- 3 Sources
It arises in the 9th century and spread over almost a hundred years – spanning two centuries, the ninth and the tenth – as a result of the Visigothic tradition and the influence of the Umayyad Muslim art, brought by the Christian monks who came fleeing the Muslim push.
It reaches its peak in the 10th century, settling, above all, in the territory of the first Asturian-Leonese monarchies, comprising the reigns of Alfonso III the Great, Garcia I and Ramiro II, and also in other parts of the Spanish territory, being Its main manifestation is religious architecture.
Spanish Mozarabic architecture, especially Leon, has been essentially individualistic, being a desperate attempt to preserve the Visigothic tradition, cut off from the common core with the Asturian pre-Romanesque tradition, resulting in an anarchic art, which would not form a school, of a popular nature.
The structure can be Latin or Byzantine:
The Latin one, like the Visigothic one, has column supports for the arches, a wooden cover for the naves and a vaulted ceiling for the transept and the apses.
The Byzantine, with complete vaulting of all the bodies, independent of each other, sometimes forming a Greek cross .
Two groups can be divided, subdivided into several regional groups, one of the buildings built in the Muslim area and those built in the Christian area by emigrated Mozarabs
San Miguel de Escalada Santiago de Peñalba Sto. Tomás de las Ollas
- Baudelio de Berlanga (Soria) S. Cebrian de Mazote (Valladolid) Sta. María de Bamba (Valladolid) San Salvador de Tábara (Zamora)
Sta. María de Lebeña
- Juan de la Peña (Huesca) El Serrablo (Huesca)
- Miguel de Celanova (Orense)
- Quirce de Pedret Sta. María de Marquet