The Moxifloxacin is used in the therapy of certain bacterial infections .
What is Moxifloxacin?
Moxifloxacin eliminates bacteria sensitive to its action by hindering the enzymes topoisomerase II and IV. The first is a basic molecule for the multiplication, transcription and repair of the DNA of bacteria; the second is included in the cell division processes.
How is Moxifloxacin taken?
Moxifloxacin is taken orally in the form of tablets.
Side effects of Moxifloxacin
L ‘ prolonged intake of moxifloxacin may cause a second infection . Furthermore, in the presence of diabetes, it is essential to remember that this antibiotic can affect blood sugar levels.
In a few situations, therapy can have serious side effects, for example in the muscles, joints, liver and blood. Specifically, the intake of Moxifloxacin is linked to an increase in the danger of tendon disorders (pain, swelling, inflammation and even rupture) and aggravates muscle weakness and respiratory disorders related to myasthenia gravis.
Finally, the medicine can cause side effects on the nerves of the arms, hands, legs or feet, cause Stevens-Johnson syndrome or increase the sensitivity of the skin to the sun.
Among other possible side effects of Moxifloxacin we also find:
It is essential to notify a doctor immediately in the presence of:
- breathing or swallowing problems
- feeling of tightness in the chest or throat
- swelling of the mouth, face, lips or tongue
- unusual hoarseness
- blood in the stool
- chest pain
- decreased urination
- rapid, slowed or irregular heart beat
- fever, chills , cough or continuous throat pain
- hearing disorders
- tendon or joint disorders
- sunburn, flaking or swollen or red skin
- psychological or mood disorders
- muscle weakness or pain
- shortness of breath or other respiratory ailments
- muscle pain or cramps
- suicidal instincts
- symptoms of hyperglycaemia or hypoglycaemia
- severe or continuous diarrhea
- head pain, dizziness or light-headedness, strong or continuous
- liver problems
- walking problems
- bleeding or bruising
- swelling or weight gain
- unusual tiredness or weakness
- vaginal discharge , itching or bad smell
- visual disturbances
- white spots in the throat
Warnings on the use of Moxifloxacin
Moxifloxacin may not be indicated for certain heart conditions, low potassium levels in the blood, myasthenia gravis and taking certain antiarrhythmic medicines.
Treatment can impair your ability to drive and operate dangerous machinery . This side effect can be intensified by alcohol and certain medications.
Before taking the medicine it is better to warn the doctor:
- of possible allergies to the active substance, its excipients, other medications, food or any other substance;
- of the drugs, phytotherapics and supplements taken, specifically medicines that increase the danger of prolonging the QT interval, corticosteoroids, antiarrhythmics, Cisapride, diuretics, Erythromycin, tricyclic antidepressants or other psychotropic drugs, Insulin or oral antidiabetics, Warfarin and Fans;
- if you suffer (or have suffered) from gastric infections, liver, brain or nervous system disorders, increased pressure in the brain, Alzheimer’s , cerebral blood vessel disorders, diarrhea, diabetes or hyperglycaemia, hypoglycaemia, convulsions, sun-sensitive skin low blood potassium levels, irregular heart beat (even in the presence of family history) or other heart problems, tendon or joint disorders, rheumatoid arthritis, kidney disease or decreased kidney function;
- if you have ever had a heart attack ;
- in the event of a heart, kidney or lung transplant;
- if you do intense physical activity;
- in the event of pregnancy or breastfeeding .
During therapy it is essential to avoid undergoing certain types of live vaccines.