Mineral salts

Mineral salts. They are necessary for the development and health of the human body . They constitute not only the base of the earth , but of every living being.


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  • 1 Mineral salts present in the human body
    • 1 Calcium
    • 2 Iron
    • 3 Magnesium
    • 4 Phosphorus
    • 5 Potassium
    • 6 Sodium
  • 2 Mineral waste
  • 3 Fibers
  • 4 See also
  • 5 Source

Mineral salts present in the human body

The human body contains:

  • Amino acids
  • Calcium
  • Chlorine
  • Match
  • Gold
  • Iron
  • Iodine
  • Potassium
  • Cobalt
  • Copper
  • Lead
  • Magnesium
  • Manganese
  • Sodium
  • Nickel
  • Silicon
  • Silver
  • Sulfur

When the body does not have enough mineral salts or residues of them, the appearance of many diseases is favored.

Currently the way in which certain elements act in the body and influence health can be determined, but there are still many things to discover in this field.


Calcium is a very important mineral salt , especially for growing children and women. It is the mineral that is found in greater quantity in the body. It is necessary for the formation of the skeleton and prevents osteoporosis (decalcification).

It serves for the functionality and integrity of the nerves and muscles, where its main influence is on excitability and on the release of neurotransmitters.

It also acts as a regulator of heartbeat and improves blood clotting . It plays an important role in the digestion of lipids and proteins .
It can not be assimilated if the body does not have enough vitamin D .

Where to find it: dairy products contain the highest amount of calcium, but can also be found in fruits and vegetables, especially in tangerines and oranges , apricots , pineapple , grapes , celery , the turnip , kale, the spinach , the fennel and purslane .


Iron is a component of hemoglobin , the red substance in the blood that carries oxygen to the body’s cells . Iron stimulates the immune system and provides the body with energy to function. The anemia occurs when the amount of iron contained in the body is insufficient, it is manifested by a psychic and intellectual fatigue.

Only a small part (5-10%) of the iron we take with food is absorbed by the intestine. One part is stored in the liver, bone marrow, and spleen as iron III, in ferritin, and another part in transferrin, the transport protein, as iron for the synthesis of protein heme.

Where to find it: in fruits , (especially berries and blackberries ) and vegetables . Also in egg yolk and meat , liver, legumes, shellfish.


Every cell in the human body needs magnesium in order to function properly. Magnesium is particularly important for the transmission of the nervous stimulus, the functioning of the muscles (the heart is also a muscle), the metabolism and in association with calcium, for the formation of the skeleton. More than half is found in the bones; the rest is found mainly in the intracellular fluids of the tissues.

A lack of Mg produces an increased cardiovascular and osteoporosis risk.

Where to find it: in vegetables ( especially parsley and peppers ), bread, cheese, meat, fish and milk.


Along with calcium, it is responsible for a good bone skeleton and strong teeth. Strengthens nails and hair, combats fatigue, regulates body temperature and promotes growth and reconstitution of body tissues.

Phosphorus is the second most abundant mineral in the body and is found in all living cells. Involving the correct functioning of both muscles and nerves, often collaborating with calcium. It is catalytically related to parathyroid functions. Its field of action is spasmophilia, tetany, spasmodic vascular problems, and certain forms of spasmodic asthma.

Where to find it: mainly in legumes, whole wheat bread, walnuts, dairy products. Also in fruits ( especially in kiwis ) and in vegetables, cabbages and spinach.


In combination with salt, potassium allows the body to maintain a good degree of humidity. The need for potassium in the body is directly proportional to the amount of sodium absorbed in the form of cooking salt. A good balance between these two elements regulates the heartbeat and muscle contractions and favors the elimination of toxins, with which the visible result of having clean and healthy skin is obtained.

Where to find it: in fruits ( in kiwis, bananas and apricots ) and vegetables. Also in walnuts.


The human body is made up of 70% salt water. It is evident that organic salt ( sodium ) is a vital element. It works in association with potassium, but collaboration is not real and effective except when the two elements are present in a balanced way ( See Potassium ).

Organic salt has nothing to do with cooking salt ( sodium chloride ) that can quickly destroy the fragile natural sodium-potassium balance and can lead to kidney and gallbladder disorders, very high blood pressure, and heart conditions.

Where to find it: Cooking salt is the main source of sodium. It is also present in many foods. As a general rule, foods of animal origin are saltier than plant foods.

Mineral waste

The main mineral salts have been listed in the preceding chapter. The rest should not be present in our body more than in infinitesimal amounts. That is why they are called mineral waste. If you follow a balanced and varied diet that contains enough fresh fruits and vegetables, the needs of these residues are widely covered.


Thanks to fruit juices, a large amount of nutrients that are important for health can be absorbed very cheaply and quickly. Fruits provide the body with energy and purify it.

A fruit is digested more quickly than vegetables -about 20 minutes- and is also a great source of fiber. During the digestive process, the body removes the vitamins and mineral salts it needs from the foods we have just eaten, all in the form of a liquid. What remains of the food is what is called fibers and they are evacuated from the body.

When all the nutrients have been separated from these fibers, they have a second function is to stimulate the intestines to collect all waste to be evacuated quickly, in addition to cleaning the intestine and help the absorption of vitamin D . By consuming a lot of fiber-rich foods, you will avoid problems related to constipation and colic.

Fruits contain many fibers, especially on the skin. If in addition to the daily ration of juices of these, a fruit is eaten for breakfast and some other fresh, legumes, dates, figs are consumed throughout the day, it is evident that the body will have received enough fibers to carry it to fruition The digestion.

Where to find them: dried beans, corn, peas, spinach, Brussels sprouts, potatoes, dates, figs, grapes, pineapple, apricots, plums, apples, pears, and oranges .


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